Angola: population and cities
Countryaah website, Angola has about 26 million people.
The population of Angola is mainly composed of three Bantu ethnic
groups: 37% are Ovimbundu, 25% Kimbundu and 13% Bakongo. Other African ethnic
groups in the country are, for example, the Chokwe (also Lunda), Ganguela,
Nhaneca-Humbe, Ambo, Herero and Xindena. The European minority (predominantly
Portuguese) makes up around 1%.
The residents of Angola are approximately 50% Catholics and 25%
Protestants. The rest are followers of traditional African religions.
Portuguese is the country's official language. Most of the residents
speak Bantu languages such as Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, Tchokwe and Lwena.
Despite the great progress made in recent years, two thirds of the population
still live on around $ 2 a day. The illiteracy rate was still over 30% in 2009
and the mortality rate of children up to the age of 5 was still 190 per
Capital and other cities
The capital of Angola is Luanda with a population of
approximately 7 million.
Other important or larger cities in Angola are:
- Huambo with around 400,000 residents
- Benguela with around 160,000 residents
- Lobito with around 150,000 residents
- Lubango with around 110,000 residents and
- Namibe with around 100,000 residents
Angola: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul,
Angola is located in South West Africa. The Cabinda exclave is located north
between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo on
the Atlantic Ocean. The country covers a total area of 1,246,700 km².
Around 42% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 24% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 3% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
Angola has a common border with a total of four countries:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo with a length of 2,511 km,
- Republic of the Congo with a length of 201 km,
- Namibia with a length of 1,376 km
- Zambia with a length of 1,110 km.
Angola has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean with a length of around 1,600
km. There are extensive oil deposits in the sea off the coast of the country.
Longitude and latitude
Angola extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 4 ° 22 'to 18 ° 02' south latitude
Δλ = from 011 ° 41 'to 024 ° 05' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Angola, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, and a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Luanda
Luanda lies on a southern latitude of around φ = 09 °.
If the declination of the sun has a value of 09 ° south and the sun's image
point is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular to the city. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 35 days before March 21st and 35 days
after September 21st (see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Luanda, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north.
In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Morro de Môco with
a height of 2,610 m. Other mountains are the Tama with a height
of 2,490 m and the Serra da Chela with a height of 2,306 m.
The longest river in the country is the Okawango with a
length - depending on the author - between 1,600 and 1,800 km. It is of interest
that the river does not flow into the sea, but rather seeps into the desert-like
areas of Botswana.
Other rivers in the country include:
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest lake is
the Lagoa Funda. Another larger lake is the Lagoa
Islands off the coast
The largest island in Angola is the Mussulo Island. There
is also the Luanda Island, which is connected
to the capital by a bridge, the Cazandra Island,
the Vogel Island Pair and other small islands.
Angola borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west of the country for around 1,600