Bahamas: population and cities
Countryaah website, the Bahamas has a population of about 390,000.
90% Africans (descendants of immigrants and slaves from West Africa)
10% whites (descendants of immigrants from England), mulattos etc.
70% Protestants (Baptists, Anglicans, Methodists etc.), 15% Catholics,
other Christian churches around 13% as well as minorities of followers of
natural religions or Jewish and Muslim communities.
The official language of the
country is English and Kreoli is spoken.
The capital of the Bahamas is Nassau with approx. 270,000 residents
Bahamas: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, the Bahamas are at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. Located northeast
of Cuba and east of Florida, they are not part of the Caribbean in the strict
sense, but part of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Bahamas consist of around 700 islands, of which only about 30 are inhabited,
as well as over 2,400 small coral islands (cays). The islands
cover an area of 13,939 km².
About 11% of the islands are protected areas. The sea area of the Bahamas
borders Florida, Cuba and the Turks
Islands. The islands of the Bahamas have a sea coast with a length of
about 3,545 km.
Islands of the Bahamas
The shortest distance from the main island to Florida is about 200 km. The
fertile soil layer is thin. However, cultivation on the inhabited islands has
improved the soil.
On the other islands, the landscape partly consists of large coniferous forests,
rocky and barren land, swamps and, above all, wonderful sandy beaches. The
Bahamas are divided into the small and large Bahamabank.
- Abaco 1,681 km², 13,170 residents
- Acklins 497 km², 430 residents
- Andros 5,957 km², 7,690 residents
- Berry Islands 31 km², 710 residents
- Bimini 23 km², 1,720 residents
- Cat Island 388 km², 1,650 residents
- Crooked Island and Long Cay 241 km², 350 residents
- Eleuthera 484 km², 8,000 residents
- Exuma 187 km², 7,570 residents
- Grand Bahama 1,373 km², 46,990 residents
- Harbor Island 8 km², 1,640 residents
- Inagua 1,551 km², 970 residents
- Long Island 596 km², 2,990 residents
- Mayaguana 285 km², 260 residents
- New Providence 207 km², 210,830 residents
- Ragged Island 36 km², 70 residents
- Rum Cay 78 km², 80 residents
- San Salvador 163 km², 970 residents
- Spanish Wells 26 km², 1,530 residents
A 200 kilometer long chain of islands with the main islands Great and Little
Abaco is one of the most popular holiday destinations in the region. There are
very beautiful bays and wonderful sandy beaches. New Plymouth is a fishing
village on Green Turtle Cay with many New England-style wooden houses.
Marsh Harbor is the largest of the islands on the main island of Great
Abaco. Harbor Island and Spanish Wells are now separate districts and have been
separated from the North Eleuthera district. Eleuthera was the first port of
call for English settlers in the 17th century who settled in the Bahamas for
religious reasons. Many settlers and also slaves were deported here from North
America. After the loss of the North American colonies, "Loyalists" who had
remained loyal to the British Crown settled on the island. The population grew
steadily. The economy was based on cotton plantations and shipbuilding. Dunmore
Town on Harbor Island still bears witness to this great time with some old
Grand Bahamas Island
Only about 85 km from Florida, this island is very popular. The two
national parks Lucayan National Park and Peterson Cay National Park are worth
the trip alone. The two largest cities are Freeport/Lucaya, where the airport
is located, and the West End. The island offers wide sandy beaches, two casinos
and very good shopping opportunities - not least through the International
Bazaar. For nature lovers who don't just want to spend their vacation on the
beach, the Rand Memorial Nature Center is ideal - a nature park that offers
walks, but also waterfalls, exotic plants and colorful birds. Another natural
spectacle not to be missed is the almost tame dolphins as they slide and jump
through Sanctuary Bay.
The interior of this island often consists of unspoiled nature, as it
is still relatively unknown and has not yet been visited by many tourists. On
the east coast is the 224 km long coral reef - and at least the third longest in
the world. Seaward beyond the reef, the ocean floor descends steeply to a depth
of 1.5 km. Deep sea fishing is a big draw here. Another attraction are the feral
domestic pigs that live on Big Major Cay Island and swim to the boats anchored
here to beg for food.
The water around this 160 km long chain of islands with an area of
187 km² has been described by sailors as the most beautiful sailing region in
the world. Here are still pristine cay and spectacular coral reefs. The Exuma
Cays Land and Sea Park can only be reached by boat and offers insights into the
extraordinary marine life.
Inside there are still some formerly generously built plantation houses, but
they have fallen victim to the ravages of time. However, quite a few families
bear the names of the former plantation owners. The Family Island Regatta takes
place in Elizabeth Harbor in April.
Located on the eastern edge of the Bahamas, Cat Island has a 60 meter
high cliff - a height that is rare in the Bahamas. Furthermore, there are dense,
often untouched forests and some pre-Colombian caves of the Arawak
Indians. Father Jerome's hermitage is on Mount Alvernia.
In August, during the bank holiday, the Cat Island Regatta takes place on Cat
Located between Andros and Florida and surrounded by the Gulf Stream,
Bimini has a fishing area that many consider to be the best in the
world. Hemingway lived in Alice Town in the Blue Marlin Cottage and memories of
his life can be viewed in the museum there.
Many visitors will find their personal paradise here - remote, white,
extensive beaches allow this association. Great Harbor Cay has a marina and a
large golf course. Divers can marvel at the coral reef not far from Mamma Rhoda
Blue Lagoon Island
This island is impressively named after the Blue Lagoon. This exotic
lagoon is the scene of spectacular dolphin watching. A tour to be booked
includes introductory words from the guide and the opportunity to swim with the
dolphins within 30 minutes.
This island lives up to its name: it is almost 100 km long, but just
under 5 km wide. The landscape offers steep slopes, pastureland and long sandy
beaches. At Conception Island, divers can explore over 30 shipwrecks. Tours
there are arranged by the Stella Maris Resort Club.
The Salt Pond Long Island Regatta takes place here every May.
Those who want to relax and be pampered with culinary delights should stop by
Max's Conch Bar and Grill, a fish restaurant that has meanwhile become a tourist
And don't forget: this is the island that gave its name to a famous cocktail!
This island was the first Columbus set foot on in the New World. The
island still impresses nature lovers - a large number of unique birds can be
observed here. Cockburn Town, on the west coast of San Salvador, was where
Columbus is said to have first set foot on the island - but other cities also
claim this. Fishing and diving are the main attractions for tourists
here. Landing by ship on the island is only possible in Cockburn Town as the
rest of the island is surrounded by coral reefs.
In Nassau the mean tidal range is around 0.7 m.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The Bahamas extend over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 22 ° 04 'to 27 ° 15' north latitude
Δλ = from 74 ° 22 'to 79 ° 16' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
In the Bahamas, the following applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
without summer time:
|- 5 h (November to March)
- 4 h (April to October)
So it is 5 hours or 4 hours earlier there than in Central Europe. Further and
detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.
Highest point of the sun in Nassau
Nassau lies at a northern latitude of about φ = 25 °. This means that the
city is just outside the tropics. When the sun or its image point is at the
northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer begins in Nassau; this is June
21st. Accordingly, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to
Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
25 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that
the sun occupies within the year in Nassau.
Elevations and lakes
The highest point in the country is Mount Alvernia with a height of 63
The country includes numerous smaller lakes. There are also underground cave
The Bahamas are located in the Atlantic Ocean. The distance from the main
island to Florida is around 200 km in a north-westerly direction and that
to Cuba in a south-westerly direction is around 165 km.
With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic)
is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific. It separates
America from Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in
Milwaukeetief - part of the Puerto Rico trench. Its salt content is on average
3.54% (g/l). Its water volume is approx. 355 million km³. Coming from the Gulf
of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the coast of Norway and has a
major impact on the climate in Western and Northern Europe.
The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas, and a distinction is
made between the Atlantic and the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. The
Strait of Gibraltar is certainly a very well-known connection between the
Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where it separates Europe (Gibraltar/Great
Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama Canal connects the Pacific with the
Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and Pacific meet at the legendary Cape
Horn on the southern tip of the American continent.