Barbados: population, capital
Countryaah website, Barbados has around 286,000 people. The child mortality rate in
Barbados is currently eleven deaths per thousand births. Life expectancy is very
high with an average of 76.4 years, as is the literacy rate of 97.6%.
Barbados’s population consists of approximately 93% descendants of
African slaves. Furthermore, 4% mulattos and 2.5% whites live on the island, who
are predominantly of British and Irish descent.
In addition, Asians (mainly Indians, Pakistani, Syrians and Chinese) have
settled in Barbados.
About 70% of Barbadians profess Anglican Christianity. There are also
about 4.5% Catholics. About 20% of the residents of Barabados consider
National languages The official language is English
and the Bajan dialect is also spoken.
The capital of Barbados is Bridgetown, with a population of
approximately 110,000 (including the suburbs). The city is in Saint
Michael whose name goes back to the Church of St. Michael and all
Angels, built in 1641, which has been the seat of the Anglican Bishop of
Barbados since 1825. The city offers numerous good examples of British colonial
architecture. These include, in particular, St. Michal's Cathedral, the Barbados
Mutual Building or Harrison College and St. Anne's Garrison. The city also
includes the Deep Water Harbor (also Port of Bridgetown). It is located on
Carlisle Bay and handles most of the trade with the rest of the world. The sugar
produced in Barbados is also sent on its journey at Deep Water Harbor. In
addition, the port acts as an entry gate to Barbados for the cruise ships of the
Barbados: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, the islands of Barbados are located southwest of Puerto Rico, between the
Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean.
Barbados has a coastline to the sea with a length of about 153 km.
Barbados is the easternmost island in the West Indies, north of Saint
Vincent. Barbados is part of the Southern Antilles. The island is 34 kilometers
long and approximately 23 kilometers wide.
Area and land use
Barbados covers a total of 431 km².
About 12% of the country is covered with forest.
- Fields and fields
Around 65% of the island's surface area is used as arable and pasture
land. The main crop is sugar cane.
approx. 8% of the island is available for meadows and pastures.
About 0.5% of the area of Barbados is under conservation.
In Bridgetown the mean tidal range is about 2 m.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada. It is up to 16 m there, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast, the tidal range varies between 1 m and 3
m. In the western Baltic Sea, however, it is only about 0.3 m, while it is
barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Barbados extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 13 ° 20` to 13 ° 03` north latitude
Δλ = from 59 ° 38` to 59 ° 24` west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
The following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time
without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign
that it is later than CET.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Bridgetown
Bridgetown lies at a north latitude of around φ = 13 °. If
the declination of the sun has a value of 13 ° N and the image point of the sun
is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens twice a
year, roughly 41 days before June 21st and then again 41 days after June 21st.
Mount Hillaby is the highest "mountain" in
the country with a height of 340 meters.
Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean
With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic Ocean is the second
largest ocean in the world after the Pacific. It separates America from Europe
and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in Milwaukeetief - part of the
Puerto Rico trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/l). Its water
volume is approx. 355 million km³. Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf
Stream crosses the Atlantic to the coast of Norway and has a major impact on the
climate in Western and Northern Europe.
The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas, and a distinction is
made between the Atlantic and the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. The
Strait of Gibralta is certainly a very well-known connection between the
Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great
Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama Canal connects the Pacific with the
Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and Pacific meet at the legendary Cape
Horn on the southern tip of the American continent.
More information about the Atlantic here >>>
Barbados is on the eastern border of the Caribbean to the Atlantic, which means
that the Caribbean Sea is on the west coast and the Atlantic is on the east
coast of the country. The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies
between the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west,
Mexico and other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of
Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following
islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual"
Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin
Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba. The shortest distance from Cuba to Key
West/USA is around 165 km. The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman
Rift between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together
with the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".