Burundi: population and cities
Countryaah website, Burundi had around 12 million people in mid-2012.
The population of Burundi is made up of around 85% Hutu, 14% Tutsi and around 1%
Twa pygmies who live in the forest areas of the mountains.
Approximately 80% of the residents of Burundi are Christians
(predominantly Catholics) and another 18% are followers of natural
religions. The Muslims represent a religious minority with around 2%.
National languages The first official language in Burundi is
the Bantu language Kurundi, the second official language is French and a
minority speaks English. There are also various Bantu dialects in use.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Burundi is Bujumbura with a population of
around 1 million.
Other larger cities are:
- Muyinga with around 71,000 residents
- Gitega with about 23,000 residents
- Ngozi with about 22,000 residents
Defined by DigoPaul, Burundi is one of the smallest states in Africa. It is located between Lake
Victoria and Lake Tanganyika on a high plateau that gradually merges into a
mountain range of the Central African Rift Valley.
Area and boundaries
Burundi covers a total area of 27,834 km². Thereof:
Around 3% of the country is forested. Burundi's forest stands suffer from
the world's largest percentage decline of around 9%.
- Fields and fields
Around 52% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cotton, peanuts and sesame as well as millet, maize and rice.
- Meadow and pasture land
About 36% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
Burundi borders on three states. These are the borders with:
Democratic Republic of the Congo, with a length of 233 km,
Rwanda with a length of 290 km and
Tanzania with a length of 451 km.
Longitude and latitude
Burundi extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 2 ° 20 'to 4 ° 30' south latitude
Δλ = from 29 ° to 31 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Time in Burundi
In Burundi, the opposite of Central European Time (CET) applies, i.e. the
time without summer time as in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Bujumbura
Bujumbura is located at a southern latitude of about 3.5 ° (see position of
the sun). If the declination of the sun has the value 03 ° 30 'S and the image
point of the sun is above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens
twice a year, roughly 14 days before March 21st and 14 days after September
21st. Since Bujumbura is located in the southern hemisphere, the beginning of
summer is there on September 21st. Accordingly, the image point is located north
of the latitude of Bujumbura - then the sun at noon is not in the south, as in
our latitudes, but in the north. So the sun moves from the east over the north
to the west, where it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Karonje with a
height of 2,685 m. Another high mountain is Mount
Kikizi with a height of 2,145 m.
The longest river in Burundi is the Luvironza-Ruvubu-Ruvusu-Akagera. It
rises in the south of the country and represents one of the headwaters of the
Nile; together with this it reaches a length of 6,671 km.
Another river in Burundi is the Ruzizi with a length of 104
km. It is the only outflow from Lake Kiwu and flows into Lake Tanganyika.
Lakes, Lake Tanganijka
Lake Tanganyika is located in the south and southwest of Burundi. With a maximum
depth of 1,470 m and an average depth of approx. 570 m, it is the second deepest
lake on earth and the deepest in all of Africa. It covers an area of around
32,893 km², making it the second largest lake in Africa. Its water volume is
18,900 km³. Its length is around 650 km and its width varies between around 40
and 75 km. The lake lies in the East African rift system - the tectonic fracture
zone in East Africa. In addition to Burundi, the lake belongs to the following
countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia and Tanzania. With 45% and
41%, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania take by far the largest
part of the lake.
In addition, there is the small Cohoha Lake and
the Rweru Lake in Burundi.