Cambodia: population, cities
Countryaah website, Cambodia had around 14.1 million residents in 2010.
- Federal Republic of Germany (81.9 million),
- Austria (8.3 million), the
- USA (314.2 million),
- PR China (1.3 billion),
- India (1.2 billion) and
- Egypt with approx. 80.5 million residents.
90% Khmer, 5% Vietnamese, 1% Chinese and 4% other ethnic groups.
95% are Theravadic Buddhists and 5% are other religions.
The official language is Khmer (95%), but French and English are also spoken.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh with a population of around 1.5
Other cities are:
- Sianoukville with around 210,000 residents
- Battambang with around 177,000 residents
- Siem Reap with around 148,000 residents
New York (8 million) in the USA,
Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,
Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,
London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,
Beijing (City 6 million) in China,
Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over
Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.
Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia on the Gulf of Thailand.
Area and land use
Defined by DigoPaul, Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia on the Gulf of Thailand at the mouth of
the Mekong Delta. The otherwise quite flat Cambodia, shaped by the Mekong Delta,
is surrounded by mountains at its political borders.
The Kardarmon Mountains, which also include the country's highest mountain, Phum
Aoral, are located in the west on the border with Thailand.
In the northwest on the border with Laos the Dankret Mountains rise up. The
elephant mountains are in the southwest.
Cambodia covers a total area of 181,040 km².
- National parks
Around 43,000 km ² are designated as national parks, which
corresponds to around 24% of the country.
Around 25% of the country is rainforest, which has been extremely decimated
in recent years and is still being felled.
Cambodia has a land border with the following countries:
Laos with a length of around 541 km
Thailand with a length of around 803 km
Vietnam with a length of around 1,230 km.
Cambodia has a sea coast with a length of around 445 km.
Longitude and latitude
Cambodia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 10 ° to 10 ° 30 'north
Δλ = from around 103 ° to 109 ° east
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Cambodia, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there,
a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh is located at a north latitude of around φ = 11.5 ° (11 ° 30 ')
and thus in the middle of the tropics.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 11 ° 30 'N, and so the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 45 days after March 21st and 45 days
before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Phnom Penh, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our
latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Phnum Aoral with a height of
Other high mountains are:
- Phnom Krapang with a height of 1,711 m
- Phnom Sam Koh with a height of 1,717 m
- Phom Khang Trapeang with a height of 1,213 m
The longest river in the country is the Mekong, which is around 4,500
km long and flows through Cambodia over a distance of around 500 km.
The Mekong divides at Phnom Penh into the upper river, the Mekong, and the lower
river, the Tonle Bassac.
The Tonle Sap
The Tonle Sap is around 100 km long and is a kind of canal that
connects the Tonle Lake with the Mekong River and is an important traffic artery
for the country.
Other rivers in the country are:
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes.
The largest lake in the country is the Tonle Sap, in English "Big
Lake", which covers an area of around 3,000 km² in the dry season and an area
of around 10,500 km² in the rainy season. During the dry season, this very
fish-rich lake has a depth of 2 to 3 m, which deepens to up to 14 m during the
rainy season. During the rainy season, the entire lake-river area even covers an
area of approx. 25,000 km².
It is also the largest lake in Southeast Asia. The Tonle Sap River flows into
the Mekong. During the dry season, the river reverses its direction of flow and
then supplies the Mekong with water from the lake that had been supplied to it
by the Mekung, which was rich in water during the rainy season.
At the time of the change of flow direction, festivals take place in the region,
for example the "Water Festival" near Phnom Penh, at which numerous teams from
Cambodia hold rowing boat races.
The largest island off Cambodia on the border with Thailand is Kaôh
Kŏng (Koh Kong), where there is also a border crossing to Thailand.
Koh Rong, off the coast of the city of Sihanoukville, which has a population of
around 236,000, is the country's second largest island.
Koh Tonsay (Rabbit Island) is about 4.5 kilometers southwest of the town of Kep,
which has around 36,000 residents, on the border with Vietnam. The island
covers an area of only approx. 2 km² and is very popular with tourists because
of its sandy beaches.
Other islands in the Gulf of Thailand:
- Koh Rong Samloem
- Koh Thmei
Gulf of Thailand
With the Gulf of Thailand, Cambodia has a coastline of around 445 km.
The Gulf of Thailand - formerly known as the Gulf of Siam - is part of the South
China Sea and thus a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean. The golf covers an
area of around 320,000 km² - with a maximum depth of around 80 m. The Gulf is
bordered by Thailand to the west and north, Cambodia and Vietnam to the east and
Malaysia to the southwest.
The main arm of the Chao Phraya and the narrower Tha Chin (near Samut Sakhon -
about 35 km west of Bangkok) and the Mae Klong flow into the gulf in the Bay of
Bangkok. Another tributary to the gulf is the Tapi River in Bandon Bay near
The Gulf has a relatively low salt content of 3.05 to 3.25%.