Comoros: population and cities
Countryaah website, around 870,000 people live in the Comoros Union.
The Comorians are about 98% a mixed people of Arabs, Madagascans and Bantu
(descendants of slaves). There are also some Indians and Indo-Melanesians living
in the country. There is also a small minority of a few hundred Europeans.
The Sunni Islam of the Shafiite school of law is the state religion of the
country. About 98% of the population belong to it.
The Shafiite school of law goes back to the Shafiites (Shirazi) expelled from
the Persian Shiraz, who settled on the four main islands in 1510 and founded
their sultanates mainly in the coastal regions of the Comoros. In addition,
there is a small minority of Indian Ismailis in the Comoros, as well as Catholic
charitable missions. One must remember, however, that the Islamic Federal
Republic of the Comoros is a country in which followers of the Christian faith
are persecuted. Overall, around 1% of the population profess Christianity.
National language The national language of the
country is Shikomorisch or Shimasiwa, a Swahili dialect. The official languages
are Arabic and French. Various Bantu dialects are also in use.
Capital and other cities
Ikoni, Moroni, Mutsamudu, Nioumachoua
This is one of the oldest settlements on Grande Comore. It is a short taxi ride
from Moroni and has an interesting city center. Many women are said to have
thrown themselves from the sea cliffs in the 19th century, who would rather have
died than fall into the hands of the Malagasy pirates.
Moroni has about 70,000 residents and is the largest city and the capital of
the Comoros. The city is located on the west coast of the Grande Comore
Island. The largest city in the Comoros has also been the capital of the island
kingdom since 1962. Moroni, a very picturesque town with large squares and
narrow streets, spreads out on the western coast of Grande Comore and is the
traffic “junction” for travelers within the Comoros and Africa. In the city
center there are two of the island's large Friday mosques. They form the
religious center of the Komori. Most notable is the Vendredi Mosque, from whose
minaret you can enjoy a fabulous view. The harbor is also interesting, where the
wooden barges (boutry) are located, which are only used for unloading the cargo
Mutsamudu has about 25,000 residents and is located in the north of the island
The city of Mohelis is so worth seeing because from July to October you can
watch whales, go fishing with local fishermen and see gigantic bats and civets
(small leopard-like cats).
Comoros: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, the Islamic Federal Republic of the Comoros is located in the Indian Ocean
northwest of Madagascar and east of Mozambique. It consists of three main
islands of volcanic origin, which are surrounded by small coral islands and
covers a total area of 2,235 km². The main islands are:
- Grande Comore (Ngazidja) with an area of 1,147 km²
and 345,000 residents. The main town is Moroni
- Anjouan (Ndzouani) with an area of 424 km² and a
population of 240,000. The main town is Musamudu
- Mohéli (Mwali) with an area of 290 km² and 40,000
residents. The main town is Fomboni
The island of Mayotte (Mahoré), located in the southeast of
the Comoros, measures 374 km² and is a French overseas territory and therefore
does not belong politically to the Islamic Federal Republic. However, it is
claimed by this.
The Comoros have a coast to the Indian Ocean with a length of around 340 km.
Around 59% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing vanilla, ylang-ylang, cloves and coconuts.
In the Comoros the tidal range is between about 3 and 4 meters. You can find
detailed explanations of ebb and flow under tides, ebb and flow, general.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The Union of the Comoros extends over the following latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 11 ° 15 'to 12 ° 25' south latitude
Δλ = from 43 ° 15 to 44 ° 35 'east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For the Comoros, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Moroni
Moroni lies at a southern latitude of around φ = 11.5 ° = 11
° 30`. If the declination of the sun has the value of 11 ° 30 'S, and so the
image point of the sun is above the city or island, the sun is perpendicular
there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 1.5 months after September
21st and then again 1.5 months before March 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Moroni, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the
north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us,
At 2,361 meters, the active volcano Karthala is the highest mountain in the
Comorian Islands. The Karthala, one of the most dangerous volcanoes, is located
near the capital Moroni on the island of Grande Comore (Ngazidja) and last
erupted on May 29, 2006. It is almost a miracle that the island has so far been
spared the eruptions of the volcano, especially since it has erupted more than
20 times since the 19th century. If you want to visit the volcano, you can climb
it and take a look into the gigantic crater. Overnight stays are offered in the
nearby mountain huts.
The highest point on the island of Mohéli is the Mzé Koukoulé, located on a
volcanic ridge at an altitude of 790 m.
With a height of 1,595 m, Mont Nfringui is the highest mountain in Anjouan
rivers and lakes
There are no major rivers and lakes in the Comoros.
The Indian Ocean
The Comoros are completely enclosed by the Indian Ocean.