Cyprus: population and cities
Countryaah website, the Republic of Cyprus has about 1.2 million residents. The northern part of
Turkey has about 294,900 residents.
Cyprus has a population density of 82 people per square kilometer. About 75% of
the population are Greek-speaking Cypriots, about 18% of the population are of
Turkish descent. The rest of the population is made up of Armenians, Maronites
and residents of other countries (primarily British). The Greeks live mainly in
the south of the island on about two thirds of the total area, the Turks in the
northern part. Tens of thousands of mainland Turks were also settled there after
99% of the Greek Cypriots belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. The Turkish
Cypriots are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslims.
language The national languages are Greek and Turkish. As a
result of British colonial rule and due to the very close ties to Great Britain,
English is spoken almost everywhere. For example, roads and highways are
signposted in Latin script; Other signs and, for example, menus in restaurants
are almost always in English.
Capital and other cities
The capital of both parts of Cyprus is Nicosia. Since the German
reunification, it has been the only divided capital in the world. Around 55,500
people live on the northern side of the border, which is guarded by UNO
soldiers, and around 22,900 on the southern side.
Other cities are:
- Limassol with around 150,000 residents
- Larnaca with around 50,000 residents
- Paphos with around 30,000 residents
Cyprus: geography and general map
Defined by DigoPaul, information on the geography of Cyprus, including the overview map shown here
- with the most important information about this island nation. In this article
the "Greek" part of the island - the Republic of Cyprus - is presented.
The island belongs geographically to Asia. But the "Republic of Cyprus" has been
a member of the EU since May 1st, 2004 and a member of the Eurozone since
January 1st, 2008 - it therefore belongs politically to Europe.
The landscape of Cyprus is characterized by two mountain ranges: the Troodos and
the Kantara Mountains. Between them lies the fertile Messaria plain (Messaria:
Greek for "between the mountains"). This is the main cultivation and settlement
area of the island.
Before Cyprus was developed for tourism, the Cypriot economy was primarily
based on agriculture. Today it is the second most important industry. Citrus
fruits, potatoes, cereals, olives, vegetables and fruits of all kinds as well as
wine are grown. The most important export products are citrus fruits and
potatoes. Everywhere in the valleys you can find orange, lemon and olive
plantations, in the west also banana plantations.
The Republic of Cyprus covers an area of 9,251 km².
- Mountains, steppe, forest: 20%
- Agriculture: 17%
- Other: 63%
National border and length of coast
The Republic of Cyprus only shares a border with the Turkish part of the
island, with a length of around 217 km.
Cyprus has a west-east extension of about 230 km and a north-south extension
of about 95 km. The length of the coast of the island is about 650 km.
Tidal range in Nicosia
In Nicosia the mean tidal range is only a few decimeters.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
Incidentally, the world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy
in Canada, where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20
meters. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian
provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in
German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies
between one and three meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the
tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern
Longitude and latitude
Cyprus extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 34 ° 33 'to 35 ° 34' north latitude
Δλ = from 32 ° 16 'to 34 ° 37' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For the Republic of Cyprus, the following value applies to Central European
Time (CET). A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is
later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Limassol
Limassol is located on the south coast of the island at a northern latitude
of around φ = 35 °.
As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, it is the beginning of
summer in Limassol, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of the sun
at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
35 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
With 78.5 ° the sun in Limassol has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Olympos in the Troodos Mountains with
a height of 1,953 m.
Other mountains are:
- Madari with a height of 1,612 m
- Kyparisso with a height of 1,024 m
Cyprus is an island in the middle of the eastern Mediterranean.