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Dominica: population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Dominica has around 73,000 residents.

Dominica: population, cities

Ethnic groups

The residents of Dominica are approx. 88% black (descendants of the African slaves), 9% of the population are mixed race, the Caribbean Indians (Caribs) are represented with around 3%.

Whites make up a percentage of 0.8 to 1% and others such as B. Indians and Chinese from 0.5-0.7%.


Most of the population belongs to a Christian church. The sum is not 100% due to rounding up or down:

• Catholics around 61%

• Seven days of Adventists around 6%

• Pentecostal around 5.5%

• Methodists around 3.5%

• Church of God around 1.5%

• Jehovah's Witnesses around 1%

• Other Christians around 8%

• Rastafarian around 1.5%;

In addition, African religions such as Vodoo are still practiced.

National languages

The official language is English, but patois is spoken on the streets of the "normal" population. Patois originated in the slave era when slaves who came from all corners of Africa were forced to communicate with each other and with their rulers is an English-based Creole language mixed with African dialects and Spanish expressions. Patois is a very lively language and is constantly creating new words, especially in reggae poetry a variety of patois expressions occur.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Dominica is Roseau with a population of around 12,000.

Other cities are:

  • Portsmouthwith around 3,700 residents

    Berekua with around 3,650 residents

    Marigot with around 2,700 residents

    Grand Bay with around 2,600 residents,

Dominica: geography

Area, national borders, length of coast

Defined by DigoPaul, Dominica covers an area of 750 km².

Dominica: geography

  • Forest

    Around 41% of the country is forested.

  • Meadow and pasture land

    Around 3% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land

  • Fields and fields

    Around 23% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for growing bananas, citrus fruits, mangoes, root vegetables and coconuts.

Since Dominica is an island, it has no borders with other countries. Dominica lies between the islands of Martinique in the south and Guadeloupe in the north.

Dominica has a coast to the Caribbean and the Atlantic with a total length of around 148 km.

Tidal range in Roseau

In Roseau the mean tidal range is around 1 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m.

In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Dominica extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 15 12 'N to 15 39' N

Δλ = from 061 14 'W to 061 29' W.

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

For Dominica, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without daylight saving time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET.

Δt (CET) = - 5 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

The highest point of the sun on Dominica

Dominica lies at a north latitude of around Φ = 15 , in the middle of the tropics.

If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 15 N, and so the image point of the sun is above the island, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 58 days after March 21st and then again 58 days before September 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Dominica, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.


Morne Diablotins

The highest mountain in the country is the Morne Diablotins with a height of 1,447 m. It is located in the north of the island, about 25 km north of Roseau. The mountain is a volcano that last erupted 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Other higher mountains are:

  • Morne Trois Pitons with a height of 1,423 m
  • Watt Mountain with a height of 1,224 m
  • Morne Anglais with a height of 1,127 m
  • Morne Micotin with a height of 1,220m
  • Morne aux Diables with a height of 862 m.


Layou River

The longest “river” in the country is the Layou River with a length of only around 18 km.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • Indian River with a length of around 15 km
  • Macoucheri
  • Picard
  • Roseau, the river has its source in Freshwater Lake

Lakes, Boiling Lake

There are no inland lakes in the traditional sense of the word on Dominica. However, there are some volcanic lakes and waterfalls.

Boeri Lake

One of these volcanic lakes is, for example, Boeri Lake with an area of approx. 18,200 m² and a depth of 35 m. It lies at an altitude of around 870 m above sea level, making it the highest lake on the island.

Boiling Lake

The lake covers an area of approx. 3,000 m² and has a maximum depth of approx. 60 m. It is at an altitude of 800 m. The lake has temperatures of up to 90 C on its shores - hence the name boiling = boiling. The lake is located in the "Morne Trois Pitons" national park, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

Freshwater Lake

The small lake is located in the "Morne Trois Pitons National Park", which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. it is the source of the Roseau River.

Caribbean and Atlantic

The island of Dominica lies between the Caribbean and the Atlantic, with the west bordered by the Caribbean and the east by the Atlantic. But some authors also count the eastern part of the Caribbean.

The Caribbean

The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic: Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.

The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".

The Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic) is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific with an area of around 106 million km². It separates America from Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in the Milwaukee Deep - part of the Puerto Rico Trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/ l). Its water volume is around 355 million km³.

Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the coast of Norway and is largely responsible for the climate in Western and Northern Europe.

The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas - e.g. the American Mediterranean. In addition, the Atlantic - especially in seafaring - is divided into the North Atlantic and South Atlantic. The Strait of Gibralta is certainly a very well-known connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama Canal connects the Pacific with the Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and Pacific meet at the legendary Cape Horn on the southern tip of the American continent.



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