You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Central America > Ecuador


Ecuador: population, cities



According to Countryaah website, Ecuador has about 17.3 million people.

Ecuador: population, cities

Ethnic composition

According to government figures: 35% mestizos, 25% Europeans, 20% Indians, 15% mulattos and 5% African. However, according to the Indian Mission Council, 43% are Indians.


93% Catholics. the rest Protestant denominations and Jews.

National languages Spanish is the official language; Quecha and Chibcha are also spoken locally.

Capital, other cities

The capital of Ecuador is Quito, with a population of 1.6 million.

Other cities are:

Guayaaquil with around 1,877,000 residents, Cuenca with around 240,000 residents, Machala with around 185,000 residents, Santo Domingo with around 165,000 residents, as well Portoviejo with around 160,000 residents.

Ecuador: geography, map

Defined by DigoPaul, Ecuador is located on the northwest coast of South America. The country covers an area of 283,600 km². Thereof:

Ecuador: geography, map

  • Forest

    Around 55% of the country is forested.

  • Meadow/pasture land

    Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.

  • Arable land and fields

    Around 6% of the land is used as arable land or fields.

The country shares a border with the following countries:

  • Peru with a length of around 1,316 km
  • Colombia with a length of around 538 km.


Ecuador has a coast to the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 850 km.

Tidal range

In Ecuador, the mean tidal range is only around 1.8 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fun-dy is located on the Atlantic Ocean between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m.

In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Ecuador extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ). The country is both north and south of the equator:

Δφ = from 1 ° 27 'north to 5 ° south.

Δλ = from 75 ° 12' to 81 ° west

You can find detailed information on this subject at: Geo-geographic longitude and latitude.

Legal time

For the mainland (not the Galapagos Islands), the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:

Δt (CET) = - 6 h

More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.

Highest sun in Quito

Quito lies a little south of the equator - rounded up to a latitude of φ round = 0 °. If the sun or its pixel is exactly over the city and thus practically over the equator, i.e. at 0 °, the sun is exactly perpendicular over the city at noon. This happens exactly twice a year, less than a day before March 21st and less than a day after September 21st (for details, see the highest levels of the sun).


If the image point of the sun (declination) is north of the latitude of Nuku'alofa, the sun at noon is not in the south, as in our latitudes, but in the north. So the sun moves from east to north to west, where it then sets like us. In Quito this is between March 21st and September 21st.


Chimbarazo Volcano

The highest mountain in the country is the extinct Chimbarazo volcano with a height of 6,310 m.

Other high (volcanic) mountains are:

  • Cotopaxi, one of the highest active volcanoes on earth , with an altitude of 5897 m
  • Tungurahua with a height of 5016 m
  • El altar with a height of 5136 m
  • the double peaks of the Pinchincha

In the Andes of Ecuador there are 22 peaks over 4,250 meters, many of them are volcanoes.


Río Daule, Babahoyo

The longest rivers of the coastal plain are the Río Daule and the Babahoyo which flow together to the Gujas.

Other rivers in the country are:

  • the Río Napo
  • the Río Esmeralda
  • the Río Cayapas
  • the Río Pastaza.


The country includes numerous smaller and larger reservoirs. Around 75% of the country's energy needs are generated with hydropower. The largest hydropower plants are in Paute and Agoyán.


Galapagos Islands

The following islands are in front of the country or belong elsewhere to the state:

Galapagos Islands with the islands of San Ferando, Santa Cruz, Isabella, Santa Maria, San Cristobal and Isla Fernandino with a total area of 7769 km². Because of their unique flora and fauna, the Galapagos Islands are under strict nature protection and may only be entered with a special permit.

There are also some islands near the coast such as Isla Puná and Isla la Plata.

The Pacific

Ecuador borders the Pacific in the west of the country.

The Pacific Ocean is also known as the Pacific, Pacific, or Great Ocean

With a length of approx. 850 km, Ecuador borders the Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not including secondary seas) and therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth. The ocean, which is larger than all the continents combined, goes at its deepest point in the Mariana Trench down to 11,034 meters below sea level. km to the Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest ocean in the world. It stretches between the Arctic, North, Central and South America as well as the Antarctic, Australia, Oceania and Asia. It has a gigantic area of 166.24 million km² (not including secondary seas) and therefore covers around 35% of the entire surface of the earth.



Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia


Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam


Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela


Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2021 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.