El Salvador: population
Countryaah website, El Salvador has around 6.5 million residents. About 90% of the total
population are mestizos, i.e. a "mixture" of Indios and
Spaniards, while 9% have a European and 1% an indigenous ancestry.
Originally there was an indigenous population in El Salvador who made up
about 20% of the Salvadorans.
In the period after Matanza (1932), however, simply wearing traditional clothing
and speaking the indigenous languages became dangerous. About 200,000 people
in the country are ethnically attributed to the Pipil. Another thousand are the
Lenca and the Cacaopera.
Languages in the country
The official language in El Salvador is Spanish.
According to the “Matanza” (1932), simply wearing traditional clothing and
speaking the indigenous languages was dangerous for survival. In today's
country, the Kekchí, an indigenous
language also spoken in Guatemala, is only used by perhaps 10,000 people. It is
the only indigenous language still alive in El Salvador. Nawat (Pipil),
once one of the most important languages in the country, is little more than
detectable for a small group of speakers.
The Roman Catholic church hanging in El Salvador more than 80% of the
population. About 15% belong to one of the various Protestant schools. These
have been spread by US and European missionaries since the 20th
century. While Protestantism was able to gain a foothold mainly in the cities,
where it was able to make up 40% of the population, the rural population is
almost exclusively Roman Catholic.
El Salvador: geography
Defined by DigoPaul, El Salvador is bordered by Guatemala to the northwest and Honduras
to the northeast, and by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Fonseca to the south
and west. It is the only country in Central America that does not directly
border the Caribbean Sea.
El Salvador has 307 kilometers of coastline.
Area and national borders
Little El Salvador is bounded in the northwest by Guatemala and in the
northeast by Honduras, and in the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. The
border length of the country is a total of 545 kilometers.
El Salvador covers an area of around 21,040 km², 1.4% of which is water
(320 km²). It is therefore about the same size as the German state of Hesse.
El Salvador is determined by a chain of volcanoes that structure the country
into three regions. The southern coastal strip is followed by the central
valleys and plateaus and finally the mountains, the highest of which is the
2,730 meter high El Pital.
The country is one of the regions with the highest volcanic activity in the
world. Due to the volcanic concentration in the country and the frequent
volcanic eruptions, ash and lava have been deposited in the upper
altitudes. This texture is ideal for growing coffee. Furthermore, numerous
mountain lakes have been created by the volcanic activity. Various geysers in El
Salvador can be used for energy generation.
The country is made up of:
- arable land: 27%
- permanent growing area: 8%
- permanent pasture land: 29%
- Forest areas: 5%
- Other:: 31%
El Salvador has a coastline of 307 kilometers to the Pacific and is the only
country in Central America that does not border the Caribbean Sea.
Longitude and latitude
El Salvador extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 13 ° to 14 ° north latitude
Δλ = from 88 ° to 90 ° west longitude
For detailed information about the representation of the geographical
location in the form of longitudes and latitudes see under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For El Salvador, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there
and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
Further and detailed explanations for the calculation and display of times
can be found under: Time zones, time.
El Salvador is largely composed of a volcanic highlands. This is framed by
two almost parallel volcanic chains, the largest elevations of which are the
volcanoes Santa Ana (2,365 meters), San Vincente (2,182
meters) and San Salvador (1,943 meters).
The 2,730 meter high El Pital is the highest mountain in El Salvador.
There are more than 300 rivers in little El Salvador. The largest and
most important is the Río Lempa, which arises in Guatemala, flows through El
Salvador and briefly through parts of Honduras and finally flows into the
Pacific Ocean after 320 kilometers (260 of which in El Salvador). It is the only
river in the country that is navigable. In addition, its tributaries irrigate
about half of El Salvador.
Numerous lakes in the country were created by volcanic activity and are
located in the highlands of El Salvador. Many of these lakes have steep banks
and are surrounded by mountains.
Lago de Ilopango
The most important and largest lake in the country is the Lago de
Ilopango near San Salvador with a size of 70 km².
Other larger lakes are:
- the Lago de Coatepeque
- and the Lago de Güija.
The Pacific Ocean, also known as the Pacific Ocean, is the largest and
deepest sea in the world.