Countryaah website, the Falkland Islands have around 3,000 residents. There are also
around 1,700 British soldiers stationed here.
Anglicans (majority), Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventists,
Evangelists, Lutherans, United Free Church and Roman Catholic Church
Capital, other settlements
The capital of Falkland is Port Stanley with a population of
around 2,200. Other settlements are:
Goose Green and San Carlos, Fitzroy
Falkland Islands: Geography
Defined by DigoPaul, the Falkland Islands consist of 2 main islands and about 200 small islands,
they are located about 480 km east of the coast of Argentina.
The Falklands archipelago consists of 200 mostly uninhabited islets and the
following main islands:
- Isla Soledad (6,353 km²) and Gran Malvina (4,377
- South Georgia: the main island is San Pedro (3,528
- and the South Sandwich Islands: Jorge (110
- Blanco (46 km²), Saunders (40 km²)
Area and land use
The Falkland Islands cover a total area of 12,173 km².
Around 22% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pastureland
Around 13% of the land is used as meadow or pasture.
- Fields and fields
Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing soy, maize and grain.
In the vicinity of the Falkland Islands oil deposits with a volume of
around 13 billion barrels are suspected. The marketing of these oil deposits is
highly controversial between Argentina and Great Britain.
Falkland has a coast to the South Atlantic with a length of around 1,288 km.
Tidal range in Port Stanley
In Port Stanley the mean tidal range is around 6.3 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western
Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
The Falkland Islands are roughly at the following latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = approximately at 52 ° south latitude
Δλ = approximately at 59 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Port Stanley and thus the Falkland Islands, the following value applies
compared to Central European Time (CET), i.e. the time (without summer time)
in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus sign means that it is earlier
there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
|Δt (CET) = - 4 h (summer -5 h)
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Port Stanley
Port Stanley is located at a south latitude of around φ = 52 °.
As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, it is the beginning of
summer in Port Stanley, this is December 21st. Then, for the highest position of
the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
- 52 ° = - (90 ° - h) + - 23.5 °
At 61.5 °, the sun in Port Stanley has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The sun's image point is north of the latitude of Port Stanley all year
round. Therefore, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but
in the north all year round. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is Mount Usbourne with a height of
Another higher mountain is Mount Kent.
There are the following mountain and hill ranges:
- the Wickham Heights on East Falkland
- the Mount Adam
- the Hornby Mountains on West Falkland
The highland regions are based on Ice Age rock formations that form rugged
coastlines and mountains.
The Falkland Islands are located in the middle of the South Atlantic - around
540 km from Argentina.
With an area of around 106 million km², the Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic) is the
second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific. It separates America from
Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in the Milwaukee Deep -
part of the Puerto Rico Trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/
l). Its water volume is around 355 million km³.
Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the
coast of Norway and is largely responsible for the climate in Western and
The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas - e.g. the American
Mediterranean. In addition, the Atlantic - especially in seafaring - is divided
into the North Atlantic and South Atlantic. The Strait of Gibralta is certainly
a very well-known connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where
it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama
Canal connects the Pacific with the Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and
Pacific meet at the legendary Cape Horn on the southern tip of the American