Gabon: population and cities
Countryaah website, Gabon has around 2 million residents.
The population of Gabon consists predominantly of around 40 Bantu groups. Of
these, about 26% are Fang, 24% Punu, 11% Nzebi, 8% Teke and 7% each Kota and
Furthermore, about 0.5% pygmies live in the country as well as about 200,000
foreigners (mostly West Africans and about 10,000 French).
affiliation 41% of the population of Gabon are Catholic and 13% Protestant and
almost 40% are followers of natural religions. In addition, around 6% are
French is the official language of Gabon. Various Bantu languages such as
Fang, Eshira, Batéké, Bapounou and Bandgabi are used as colloquial languages.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Gabon is Libreville with around 700,000 residents. Other larger
- Port-Gentil with around 110,000 residents
- Masuku with around 43,000 residents
- Oyem with around 31,000 residents
- Moanda with around 31,000 residents
Gabon: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Gabon is located in central Africa on both sides of the equator. To the west
it borders the Gulf of Guinea as part of the Atlantic Ocean. After about 200
kilometers, the coastal plain merges into the Lower Guinea Sill in the east of
the country. A specialty in Gabon is the "natural nuclear reactor" in
Oklo. About 2 million years ago there was such a high uranium concentration that
a nuclear chain reaction was set off.
Area and boundaries
Gabon covers an area of 267,667 km². Thereof:
Around 74% of the country are tropical rainforests and bushland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 17% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cocoa, coffee, sugar cane, oil palms and rubber.
The east of the country is crossed by the Lower Guinea Sill.
Gabon borders on three states:
- Equatorial Guinea with a border length of 350 km,
- Cameroon with a border length of 298 km and
- Democratic Republic of the Congo with a border length of
Gabon has a coast to the Gulf of Guinea with a length of 885 km.
In Libreville the mean tidal range is around 1.50 m. For
detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Gabon extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 04 ° south to 02 ° north latitude
Δλ = from 008 ° 30 'to 014 ° 30' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Gabon, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Libreville
Libreville lies at a north latitude of around φ = 0.5 ° and
thus almost on the equator. If the declination of the sun has the value of δ =
00 ° 30 'N, and thus the image point of the sun is above the city, the sun is
perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly shortly after
March 21st and shortly before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Libreville, the sun is not there at noon in the south, as in our
latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in Gabon is Mont Milondo with a height
of 1,020 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Iboundji with a height of 980 m
- Mimongo with an altitude of 875 m
- Mpele with a height of 834 m
- Goumbi with a height of 820 m
The longest river in the country is the Ogooué with a length
of over 1,200 km. Its numerous tributaries include: the Mpassa,
the Ivindo, the Lolo, the Offoué and
the Ngounié. Other smaller rivers in the country are the Nyanga, Como, Noya, N'Tem,
The country includes several smaller lakes. The largest of these is Lac
Onangué. There is also the Lac Azingo and the Mandjé.
Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic
Gabon borders in the west of the country with a length of 885 km on the Gulf
of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic.