Guadeloupe: population, cities
According to Countryaah
website, Guadeloupe has around 400,000 residents.
Due to the massive import of slaves from Africa in the previous centuries, the
population of the islands consists of 90% black and mixed race.
Only 5% of the population are white and 3% are Indian (mostly Tamils) and 2%
95% of the population are Roman Catholic; 4.5% Protestant (mainly Adventist) and
0.5% Islamic or Hindu.
French is the national language of Guadeloupe, the official language is mainly
spoken in the boardrooms of politics, economics and trade, while the local
population mainly converses on Creole.
Créole is spoken by a total of seven to ten million people worldwide, in the
Caribbean, partly in the southern states in the USA and on the islands of the
Indian Ocean. The historical background is the French colonial era, the slaves
who had been abducted from all parts of Africa had to communicate with each
other and with their masters so that they learned the basic terms of French,
which was simplified in the vocabulary in the pronunciation and in the
grammar. Later on, expressions from other languages such as Spanish and
English were added. Créole differs significantly from French in terms of
articles, plural forms, pronouns and sentence positions, so that Créole is
considered an independent language.
For example, although patois is spoken on the neighboring island of Dominica,
which is characterized by many English vocabulary, the Creoles of Guadeloupe can
easily communicate with those of Dominica. It is also interesting that Creoles
from the French West Indies
can communicate with Creole-speaking people in the southern states of the USA
and the Creoles from Mauritius, the Seychelles and La Réunion.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Guadeloupe is Basse Terre with a population
of around 12,000.
Other cities are:
• Pointe-à-Pitre with around 28,000 residents
• Trois-Rivières with around 8,800 residents
• Morne-à-l'Eau with around 20,000 residents
• Le Moule with around 22,000 residents,
• Saint Anne with around 22,000 residents.
Defined by DigoPaul, the overseas department and region of France's Guadeloupe consists of eight
inhabited and other uninhabited islands and belongs to the Lesser Antilles. The
two main islands are Basse-Terre (848 km²) and Grande-Terre (589 km²). The
islands are only separated from each other by a 50 m wide strait to the west of
Grande-Terre. About 56 km north-northwest of Guadeloupe is the volcanic island
of Montserrat and almost to the north, about 60 km away, is Antigua.
The following islands are in front of the two main islands:
- Marie-Galante with an area of 157 km²
- Les Saintes with a total of nine small islands, two of
which are inhabited: Terre-de-Haut and Terre-de-Bas
- Terre-de-Haut is 4.52 km² and Terre-de-Bas 9.45 km²
- Saint-Barthélemy with an area of 21 km²
- Saint-Martin with an area of 9.4 km².
Area, land use and boundaries
Guadeloupe covers a total of 1,628 km².
Around 39% of the country is forested.
Meadow and pasture land
Around 14% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land
Fields and fields
Around 14% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing sugar cane, bananas, fruits, vegetables and flowers.
Basse-Terre Mountains are volcanic and are mostly covered by
Guadeloupe as an archipelago has no direct neighbors and therefore no
Guadeloupe has a coast to the Caribbean and the Atlantic with a total length
of around 305 km.
Tidal range in Pointe-à-Pitre
In Pointe-à-Pitre the mean tidal range is around 1 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is
located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax. On
the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic
Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 15 ° 54 'to 16 ° 30' north latitude
Δλ = from 61 ° 10 'to 61 ° 50' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Legal time in Guadeloupe
For Guadeloupe, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there
and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 16 °, i.e. in the
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 16 ° N, and thus the image
point of the sun is above the island, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 29 days before the 21./22. June and then
again 29 days after the 21./22. June.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north; the
latitude of Guadeloupe, the sun at noon is not in the south, as in our
latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Sun position
The highest mountain in the country is La Soufrière with a height of 1,467 m.
Other high mountains are:
- L'Echellewith a height of 1,397 m.
• Grand Sans Toucher with a height of 1,354 m.
• Pitons de Boullante with a height of 1,088 m
• Trois Cretes with a height of 917 m
• Montagne Soldier with a height of 851 m
• Les Mamelles with a height of 768 m.
• Morne a Louis with a height of 743 m.
“Rivers” in the country are the Rivière Salée with a length of only 4 km.
Other rivers are:
Caribbean and Atlantic
The Guadeloupe archipelago is located between the Caribbean and the Atlantic,
with the West bordered by the Caribbean and the East by the Atlantic. But some
authors also count the eastern part of the Caribbean.
The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between the
islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and
other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and
Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or
archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic:
Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".
The Atlantic Ocean
The Atlantic Ocean (Atlantic) is the second largest ocean in the world
after the Pacific with an area of around 106 million km². It separates America
from Europe and Africa. At 9,220 m, it has its deepest point in the Milwaukee
Deep - part of the Puerto Rico Trench. Its salt content is on average 3.54% (g/
l). Its water volume is around 355 million km³.
Coming from the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic to the
coast of Norway and is largely responsible for the climate in Western and
The Atlantic includes numerous so-called marginal seas - e.g. the American
Mediterranean. In addition, the Atlantic - especially in seafaring - is divided
into the North Atlantic and South Atlantic. The Strait of Gibralta is certainly
a very well-known connection between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, where
it separates Europe (Gibralta/Great Britain) from Africa (Morocco). The Panama
Canal connects the Pacific with the Atlantic for around 82 km. The Atlantic and
Pacific meet at the legendary Cape Horn on the southern tip of the American