Guinea: population and cities
Countryaah website, Guinea has about 13 million people. The 1/3 who live in the cities contrasts
with the remaining 2/3 of the Guineas who experience their everyday life in the
countryside. The median life expectancy in the country is about 42 years; and
the population growth is around 2.37%.
The population of Guinea is made up of around 20 ethnic groups. The largest of
these groups are the 40% Fulbe (Felatta), the 30% Malinke and the 20%
Susu. Smaller ethnic groups are made up of the Kpčlč, Kissi, Toma and Baga.
The minorities include around 3,000 Europeans, around 2,000 South Asians and
Lebanese in the country. The refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia must also be
added. These make up about 40,000.
The residents of Guinea are 90% Sunni Muslims. In addition, around 5% (mainly
Catholic) Christians and around 5% followers of natural religions live in the
French is the country's official language. The colloquial languages spoken
include Fulfulde (Peulh, Fula), Malinke and Susu, as well as many other native
Of the eight recognized official languages, six are also used as teaching
languages. It is also noteworthy that the Toma - located in Forest Guinea and
Liberia - have their own script.
Capital and other cities
Boké Boké, the capital of Lower Guinea in the prefecture of
the same name, is the center of the Baga country and the administrative center
of the bauxite industry. According to Conakry, Boké can point to the fastest
urban population growth in Guinea: In 1983 only 12,000 people lived in Boké, in
2017 it was more than 120,000. Boké is or was also important because of the
French fort, which was built in 1878 and was the starting point for the conquest
of Fouta Djallon.
Conakry (formerly Konakry)
About 2.5 million people currently live in Guinea's capital Conakry, which makes
the city, which initially only spread out on the island of Tombo and has
expanded beyond the borders of this over the years, the largest city in the
The city, known 100 years ago as "Paris of Africa" or "Petit Marseille" for
its fine sandy beaches, wide boulevards and wonderful promenades, is still the
economic center of Guinea.
An important part of Conakry is the important Atlantic port, which is one more
and more Conakry is home to several universities and one of the most important
cultural centers in Guinea.
With a population of 115,000, Kankan in eastern Guinea is the fourth
largest city in the country. The city, founded by the Soninke in the 17th
century, is now known for its university, one of the oldest mosques in West
Africa and the many mango trees.
The town of Kindia, which spreads out at the foot of the Gangan Mountains, has
been Guinea's center of banana cultivation and an important trading center for
agricultural products since colonial times.
About 135,000 people currently live in Guinea's second largest city. The capital
of the region and prefecture of the same name extends near the borders with
Liberia and the Ivory Coast. Due to the ongoing civil war in Liberia, thousands
of refugees came to Nzérékoré between the 1990s and the early 2000s, so that it
is estimated that up to 300,000 people are currently living in and around
Guinea: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Guinea is located in West Africa and covers an area of 245,857
Around 59% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 10% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 6% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing coffee and tropical fruits.
Guinea shares a border with the following six countries:
- Ivory Coast with a length of 610 km,
- Guinea-Bissau with a length of 386 km,
- Liberia with a length of 563 km,
- Mali with a length of 858 km,
- Senegal with a length of 330 km and
- Sierra Leone with a length of 652 km.
The coast to the Gulf of Guinea has a length of around 320 km.
Longitude and latitude
Guinea extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 7 ° to 12 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 008 ° to 015 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Guinea, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest sun in Conakry
Conakry lies at a north latitude of around φ = 9.5 °. If the declination δ of
the sun has the value of 09 ° 30 'N, and the image point of the sun is thus
exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly
twice a year, roughly 37 days after March 21st and then again 37 days before
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Conakry, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in the country is the Nimba in the
Fouta Djalon mountain range with a height of 1,752 m. Other high mountains are:
- the Massif du Tamqué with a height of 1,538 m
- the Pic of the Tibé with a height of 1,504 m
- the Kavendu with a height of 1,421 m
- of Mount Ziama with a height of 1.307 m
rivers and lakes
The country's longest river is the Niger, which has its
source in the Fouta Djalon mountain range and has a total length of around 4,200
km. The Gambia, which has a total length of 1,120 m, has its
source in the mountainous region. Other rivers in the country are the Bafing with
a length of 344 m and the Konkouré, Kolenté, Fatala, Tinguilinta etc.
There are no larger lakes in Guinea.
The small islands of Îles de Los lie off the coast of the
Guinea borders in the southwest of the country with a length of around 320 km
on the Gulf of Guinea part of the Atlantic Ocean. A detailed description of the
two seas can be found here;
- Atlantic Ocean
- Gulf of Guinea