Hong Kong Population
Population and composition
If the population is used as a benchmark, Hong Kong is the third largest
metropolitan region in the whole of the People's Republic of China and,
after Monaco, the most densely populated area in the world.
According to Countryaah
website, around 7.2 million people currently live in the city.
Between 1945 and 2005 alone, the city's population increased almost twelve-fold,
and from 1841 to the present day almost a thousand-fold. This was particularly
related to immigration from China and less to the Chinese one-child policyis not
used in Hong Kong. On the contrary, the number of children per woman in Hong
Kong is a statistical 0.9 and thus has one of the lowest values in the
world. On the other hand, the average life expectancy of over 80 years is one of
the highest on earth.
The urban population is made up of 95% ethnic Chinese and only 5% from
non-Chinese-born groups such
as Filipinos (2%), Indonesians (0.8%), Americans (0.5%), Canadians (0.5%), Thais (0.4%)
and British, Australian and Indian (0.3% each).
English and Cantonese are the two official languages in Hong Kong, with the
latter being a Chinese language that is also written in the Chinese
script. However, in Hong Kong - unlike in the rest of China - traditional
characters are used and there are also forms of writing that are sometimes only
available in Hong Kong. In addition to English, Japanese is a popular language
to learn in Hong Kong, while other languages are less popular in Hong Kong.
The most popular religions in Hong Kong
include Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. 10% of the city residents profess
Anglican and Roman Catholic Christianity. There are also Muslims in Hong Kong,
but they do not play a major role in the cityscape.
Although the population density in Hong Kong is very high, the city is
one of the greenest metropolitan regions in Asia. This is due to the mountainous
topography, which has not always made building possible. The housing conditions
in Hong Kong, however, are poor. Most city dwellers live in small apartments in
gigantic skyscrapers. There is really no alternative, because the single-family
houses are too expensive. The most important housing provider in Hong Kong is
the public housing program which has created well over 70%
housing in some areas of the city. In recent years, due to the rising wages of
Hong Kong residents, the Public Housing Authority has started making tenants
their owners and thus giving them more housing security.
A tragic figure in Hong Kong are the so-called Cage People (dt.
Cage humans) that exist in the city by the thousands. They live in a confined
space in an approximately 2m³ (sic!) Small cage room. You have to imagine that
200 people would then share an apartment of 150 m² and spend the nights in
sleeping cages measuring 2 × 1 meters, stacked on top of each other.
As one of the most liberal market economies in the world, Hong Kong leaves it to
its residents to insure themselves for illness and retirement provisions. The
gross national income (GNI) in Hong Kong is around 25,444 US dollars per capita,
which can be compared with the Western European countries. Around 4% of Hong
Kong residents are unemployed. The monthly income of the population is around 40
to 100 euros for migrant workers, and between 200 and 600 euros for local city
dwellers. For higher positions you get around 1,000 euros, and as a senior
employee you can expect between 4,000 and 12,000 euros per month. The minimum
hourly wage in Hong Kong is currently 1.20 euros for restaurant
employees. That's around 450 euros a month.
By and large, Hong Kong is mainly dependent on exports and is therefore
sensitive to crises and disruptions outside the country. But Hong Kong remains
one of the most important financial centers in Asia. Here is also the Hong Kong
Stock Exchange, the stock exchange whose index is the Hang Seng Index.
Hong Kong: geography
Hong Kong is located in southeast China at the mouth of the Pearl River. It
is made up of four regions, namely Hong Kong Island (75 square kilometers),
Kowloon (518 square kilometers), the New Territories (518 square kilometers) and
the Outlaying Islands.
Location and area
Hong Kong is located in southern China on the eastern bank of the Pearl River
Hong Kong covers an area of 1,099 km².
Around 70% of the country is designated as green spaces, of which around 40% are
taken up by the 21 landscape parks.
Hong Kong and China share a border that is approx. 50 km long.
Hong Kong has a sea coastline of around 733 km.
Longitude and latitude
Hong Kong extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 22 ° 08 'to 22 ° 35' north latitude
Δλ = from 113 ° 49 'to 114 ° 31' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Hong Kong, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Hong Kong
Hong Kong is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 22 ° and thus in
If the declination δ of the sun has a value of 22 ° north, and thus the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city or island, the sun is perpendicular
there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 6 days before June 21 and 6
days after June 21 (see position of the sun)
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Hong Kong, which is only the case for a few days in midsummer, the
sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this
case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.
Ma On Shan Peak
The highest point in the country is Ma On Shan Peak with a height of 702 m.
The Sharp Peak has a height of 468 m.
Rivers, pearl river
The mouth of the approximately 180 km long Pearl River (also known as Yučjiāng)
is formed from the confluence of three rivers and therefore forms a real river
network, a so-called estuary.
The whole thing is to be understood as follows:
The approximately 470 km long "Northern River" coming from the north flows into
the approximately 2,195 km long "West River" near Sanshui. The two combined
rivers begin to branch out shortly afterwards and after about 50 km to the
southeast they reach the Chinese city of Guǎngzhōu. From here the water becomes
the actual Pearl River for around 180 km. After another 50 km in a southerly
direction, the 525 km long east river, coming from the east, flows into the
water. The estuary formed by the three rivers is around 70 km long and 30 km
The river is considered a very important stream in southern China. It flows into
the South China Sea between Macao and Lantau Island (Hong Kong).
The country includes numerous smaller man-made dams.
The Tai-Tamm dam is mentioned.
Hong Kong has 300 islands, the largest of which are:
On Lantau - the largest island in Hong Kong - is the modern Chek Lap Kok airport
in Hong Kong and Disneyland, which opened in 2005. The island covers an area of
Hong Kong Island
The Hong Kong Island covers an area of 75 km².