India: population, cities, states
Countryaah website, India has around 1.2 billion residents.
Approx. 72% Indo-Aryans, 25% indigenous and approx. 3% Mongolians
and other ethnic groups live in India.
In India approx. 81% of the population are followers of
Hinduism, approx. 12% followers of Islam, approx. 5.9% followers of Christianity
and approx. 2% followers of Sikhism.
There are also religious communities of Buddhism, Jainism, Parsees and other
Hindi and English are the official languages. However, there are 21
other recognized languages in India, such as Sanskrit, Bengali, Bihari,
Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Gujarati, Assami, Kashmiri, Nepali and Urdu. Drawida
languages are spoken in southern India, especially Tamil, Telugu, Malajalam
Capital and other cities
The capital of India is New Delhi with a population of around 14 million.
Other cities are:
Mumbai and Bombay (Maharashtra)
with approx. 12,693,000 residents
Bangalore (Karnataka) with approx. 4,932,000
Calcutta and Colcata (West
Bengal) with approx. 4,632,000 residents
Chennai (Tamil Nadu) with approx. 4,329,000 residents,
Ahmedabad (Gujarat) with approx. 3,720,000 residents,
Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) with approx. 3,598,000
Pune (Maharashtra) with approx. 2,936,000 residents,
Surat (Gujarat) with approx 2,895,000 residents,
Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 2,824,000
Jaipur(Rajasthan) with approx. 2,712,000 residents
Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 2,472,000
Nagpur (Maharashtra) with approx. 2,229,000 residents,
Indore (Madhya Pradesh) with approx. 1,837,230
Patna (Bihar) with approx. 1,600,000 residents,
Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) with approx. 1,600,080
Ludhiana (Punjab) with approx. 1,546,000 residents,
Thane (Maharashtra) with approx. 1,487,000 residents,
Agra (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 1,430,000 residents
Vadodara (Gujarat) with approx. 1,410,000 residents,
Jodhpur (Rajasthan) with approx. 1,400 residents
Nashik (Maharashtra) with approx. 1,290,000 residents,
Pimpri-Chinchwad (Maharashtra) with approx. 1,285,000
Faridabad (Haryana) with approx. 1,281,000 residents,
Kalyan-Dombivali (Maharashtra) with approx. 1,262,355
Meerut (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 1,224,000
Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 1,199,000
Rajkot (Gujarat) with approx. 1,178,000 residents,
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 1.1645. 000
Amritsar (Punjab) with approx. 1,093,000 residents,
Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 1,074,000
Visakhapatnam(Andhra Pradesh) with approx. 1,063,000
Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh) with approx. 1,030,000
Howrah (West Bengal) with approx. 1,028,000 residents,
Aurangabad (Maharashtra) with approx. 1,017,000
Solapur (Maharashtra) with approx. 998,000 residents,
Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) with approx. 976,000
Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) with approx. 960,000
Ranchi (Jharkhand) with approx. 945,000 residents,
Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra) with approx. 915,000
Chandigarh (Chandigarh) with approx. 914,000
Madurai (Tamil Nadu) with approx. 910,000 residents,
Guwahati (Assam) with approx. 899,000 residents,
Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) with approx. 883,000
Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh) with approx. 875,000
Mysore (Karnataka) with approx. 869,000 residents,
Hubli-Dharwar (Karnataka) with approx 840,000
Jalandhar (Punjab) with approx. 785,000 residents,
Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala) with approx. 784,000
Salem (Tamil Nadu) with approx. 779,000 residents,
Tiruchirappalli (Tamil Nadu) with approx. 776,000
Kota (Rajasthan) with approx. 763,000 residents,
Bhubaneswar (Orissa) with approx. 762,000 residents,
Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 753,000
Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 746,000
Moradabad (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 721,000
Bhiwandi (Maharashtra) with approx. 707,000 residents,
Mira Bhayandar (Maharashtra) with approx 688,000
Raipur (Chhattisgarh) with approx. 680,000 residents,
Gorakhpoor (Uttar Pradesh) with approx. 674,000
Bhilai (Chhattisgarh) with approx. 625,000 residents,
Jamshedpur (Jharkhand) with approx. 617,000 residents,
Kochi (Kerala) with approx. 605,000 residents,
Amravati (Maharashtra) with approx. 604,000 residents,
Cuttack (Orissa) with approx. 592,000 residents,
Bikaner (Rajasthan) with approx. 576,000 residents,
Warangal (Andhra Pradesh) with approx. 558,000
Bhavnagar (Gujarat) with approx. 555,000 residents,
Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) with approx. 531,000
Dehra Dun (Uttaranchal) with approx. 522,000
Durgapur (West Bengal) with approx. 519,000 residents,
Ajmer (Rajasthan) with approx. 518,000 residents,
Ulhasnagar (Maharashtra) with approx. 517,000
has an area of approx. 276,754 km² with approx. 75.7 million residents.
The capital is Hyderabad. The main language spoken is Telugu. Andhra Pradesh is
bordered by the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and
Orissa, and to the east by the Bay of Bengal.
has an area of approx. 83,743 km² with approx. 1.1 million
residents. Arunachal Pradesh borders in the south on the states of Assam and
Nagaland, as well as in the west on Bhutan, in the north on Tibet and in the
east on Myanmar.
has an area of approx. 78,438 km² with approx. 22.4 million residents.
The main languages spoken are Assamese, Bengali and English. Assam borders the
states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya in
the south and West Bengal in the west, as well as Bhutan in the northwest and
Bangladesh in the southwest.
has an area of approx. 94,163 km² with approx. 82.9 million residents.
Its capital is Patna. Bihar is considered one of the poorest and most unstable
states. Bihar borders the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as
well as Nepal in the north. The state is hit by monsoons every year. This often
puts millions of people at risk from flooding.
has an area of approx. 135,000 km², with approx. 20.8 million residents.
Chhattisgarh borders the states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra
Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh.
is the smallest Indian state. It is located on the central west coast of
India. Goa has an area of approx. 3,702 km² and approx. 1.2 million
residents. Goa borders the state of Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to
the south and east, and the Arabian Sea to the west. The capital is Panaji, it
is located in the Tiswad district.
has an area of approx. 196,024 km² and approx. 50.7 million residents. The
capital of the state is Gandhinagar, the economically most important city is
Ahmedabad. Gujarat borders the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and
Maharashtra, as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh and the Arabian Sea.
has an area of approx. 44,212 km² with approx. 21.08 million residents. The
capital Chandigarh is also the capital of neighboring Panjab, on whose border it
has an area of approximately 55,673 km² and a population of approximately 6.4
million people. The capital is Shimla. Himachal Pradesh borders on the states of
Jammu and Kashmir, Panjab, Haryana and Uttaranchal, and to the east on
Tibet. Himachal Pradesh consists of 68% large forest areas, around 90% of which
are expressly designated as protected. There are also 32 protected areas for
flora and fauna as well as two national parks (Great Himalayan National Park,
Pin Valley National Park).
Jammu and Kashmir
is an Indian state and part of between China, India and Pakistan. Jammu and
Kashmir border the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab, the Pakistani
province of Punjab of the same name, the semi-autonomous Pakistani Azad Kashmir,
the Pakistani northern regions and Tibet. Since the 1950s, Kashmir has
repeatedly triggered serious conflicts between India and Pakistan.
has an area of approx. 79,722 km² with approx. 27 million residents. The
capital is the industrial city of Ranchi. The biggest cities are Jamshedpur and
Dhanbad. The most important coal mining areas in India are located in
Jharkhand. The highest mountain in Jharkand is Parasnath at 1,365 m, an
important place of pilgrimage for the Jain religious community. Jharkhand
borders the states of Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Uttar
has an area of approx. 192,000 km² with approx. 45 million residents. The
capital of Karnataka is Bangalore and the official language is
Kannada. Karnataka was formed in 1956 from part of what was then the state of
Hyderabad, Mysore and Madras. Karnataka borders the states of Goa, Maharashtra,
Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala as well as the Arabian Sea.
has an area of approx. 38,864 km² with 32.6 million residents. The
population density is 839 residents per km2. This makes the state one of the
most densely populated regions in India. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. The
name "Kerala" literally means "land of coconuts". It is derived from the
Malayalam word "kera" for "coconut", the palm trees on which this fruit grows
can be found in large numbers all over the country. Kerala borders on the state
of Karnataka in the north, in the east it is shielded by the Western Ghats of
Tamil Nadu and in the west bordered by the Arabian Sea. Kerala occupies almost
the entire Malabar coast. The total coastline is 590 km. There is a narrow but
fertile plain between the coast and the Western Ghats. Over the middle stretch
has an area of approx. 308,209 km² with approx. 60.4 million residents. The
capital is Bhopal and the main languages are Hindi, Urdu, Marathi, Sindhi,
Punjabi, Gujarati and English. Madhya Pradesh borders the states of Maharashtra,
Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
has an area of approx. 308,000 km² and approx. 91.1 million residents. The
capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai (Bombay), the main languages are Marathi and
English. Maharashtra borders the states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh,
Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa, as well as the Arabian Sea.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 22,237 km² and approx. 2.4 million
residents. The capital is Imphal and the main languages are Manipuri and
English. Manipur borders the states of Nagaland, Assam and Mizoram and, to the
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 22,429 km² and approx. 1.8 million
residents. The capital is Shillong and the main languages are Khasi, Garo
and English. Meghalaya borders the state of Assam in the north and Bangladesh in
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 21,087 km² and approx. 0.9 million
residents. The capital is Aizawl and the main languages are Mizo and
English. Mizoram borders the states of Tripura, Assam and Manipur, as well as
Bangladesh to the west and Myanmar to the east.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 16,527 km² and approx. 1.6 million
residents. The capital is Kohima (63,000 residents), the official language
is English. It is named after the Naga ethnic group. Nagaland borders the states
of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur as well as Myanmar to the east and
consists of 7 administrative districts.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 155,707 km² and approx. 32 million
residents. The capital of Orissa is Bhubaneshwar, and the national languages
are Oriya (84%), Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi and
English. Orissa borders the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand
and West Bengal as well as the Bay of Bengal.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 50,362 km² and approx. 24.5 million
residents. The Punjab borders the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal
Pradesh, Haryana (and Chandigarh) and Rajasthan as well as the Pakistani
province of Punjab of the same name. The capital Chandigarh is also the capital
of neighboring Haryanas, on whose border it lies, and is administered as a union
territory by the central government in Delhi. The national languages are
Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu and English.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 342,239 km² and approx. 56.5
million residents. The capital is Jaipur and the national languages are
Hindi and English. Rajasthan borders the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat as well as the Pakistani provinces of Sindh
and Punjab. The northeast of Rajasthan is characterized by the Thar Desert,
which merges into the Cholestan in Pakistan. In the southeast runs a foothills
of the Dekkan highlands.
is an Indian state and a formerly independent kingdom with an area of approx.
7,096 km² and approx. 0.5 million residents. The capital is Gangtok and the
national languages are Nepalese, Lepcha, Limbu, Tibetan, Hindi and
English. Sikkim borders the state of West Bengal, as well as Nepal to the west,
Tibet to the northeast and Bhutan to the southeast. The third highest mountain
on earth, the Kanchenjunga (8,598 m), lies on the border between Sikkim and
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 130,058 km² and approx. 62.1
million, predominantly Tamil, residents. The capital of Tamil Nadu is Chennai
(formerly Madras). Other important cities are Madurai, Coimbatore and
Tiruchirapalli. The national languages are Tamil and English. Tamil Nadu
borders the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, as well as the
Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal). To the east is the city of Pondicherry,
administered by the central government in Delhi. Sri Lanka is in the southeast.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 10,492 km² and approx. 2.8 million
residents. The capital is Agartala and the national languages are Bengali
and Kakborak. Tripura borders the states of Assam and Mizoram, as well as
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 53,483 km² and approx. 8.5 million
residents. After the state was founded by splitting off from Uttar Pradesh in
November 1999, Dehradun was declared the capital of Uttaranchal. The national
languages are Hindi and Urdu. Uttaranchal is located in the southern Himalayas
and extends from the Ganges plain in the south over the foothills of the
Himalayas to the high mountains with the Nanda Devi (7,816 m), the highest
mountain in India. It consists of the two mountain regions Garhwal in the west
and Kumaon in the east, as well as a narrow strip of the Ganges plain in the
south. In the mountains of Garhwal are the holy springs of the two rivers Ganges
and Yamuna. Uttaranchal borders the states of Uttar Pradesh in the south and
Himachal Pradesh in the north,
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 236,286 km². With around 166
million residents, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India. The
capital is Lucknow and the national languages are mainly Hindi, alongside
Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi, and English. Uttar Pradesh borders the states of Bihar,
Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttaranchal as
well as Nepal to the northeast.
is an Indian state with an area of approx. 88,752 km² and approx. 80 million
residents. The capital is Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). The national language
is Bengali. West Bengal borders the states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim
and Assam as well as Nepal in the northwest, Bhutan in the northeast, Bangladesh
in the east and the Bay of Bengal in the south.
The islands of the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands are Indian Union Territory. They extend from 6 ° 45 'to 13 °
41' north, roughly along the 93rd east longitude west of the Thai holiday coast
and northwest of Sumatra. About a third of the approximately 356,000 residents
live in the capital Port Blair. The Andaman Sea with the North Preparis Channel
separates the territory from Myanmar (Burma) to the east. On December 26, 2004,
an earthquake in the Indian Ocean (9.0 on the Richter scale) and the resulting
tsunami waves on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands wreaked havoc and killed
thousands of residents. The number of islands has changed as a result. The exact
extent of the disaster for the Union territory cannot yet be foreseen.
The Indian city of Chandigarh, which itself enjoys
the status of a union territory, is also the capital of the two Indian states of
Punjab in the west and Haryana in the east of the city. The population is about
900,914 people. The main languages are Hindi, Punjabi and English. The
illiteracy rate is below 20%. Chandigarh has an area of 114 km².
Dadra and Nagar Haveli are
two small, non-contiguous areas about 130 km north of Mumbai. Together they form
an Indian Union Territory, administered by the Indian central government in
Delhi. The territory has about 220,000 residents. The capital is called
Silvassa. The lingua franca is Gujarati, but Marathi and other languages are
also spoken. The majority of the population is Hindu, there is a small Christian
and a small Muslim minority. Location of the territory Dadra is an enclave in
the Indian state of Gujarat, Nagar Haveli is only a few kilometers south between
the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. The total area of the Union territory
is 491 km2.
Daman and Diu, formerly part
of the Portuguese colony Portuguese India together with Goa, is now a union
territory in India, which is divided into the districts of Daman and Diu, both
of which border the Indian state of Gujarat.
Delhi is an Indian union territory with special
rights and has an area of approx. 1,483 km² and around 15.8 million
residents. The main languages spoken are Hindi and Urdu. The territory is
bordered by the state of Haryana to the west and Uttar Pradesh to the east. The
two largest cities of the Union Territory are the city of the same name Delhi
and the Indian capital New Delhi.
The Laccadives are a group of islands southwest of
the Indian subcontinent in the Indian Ocean with 17 main islands and numerous
atolls, and a size of approx. 20 km2, located between 10 ° and 12 ° 20 'north
latitude and 71 ° 40' and 74 ° east longitude. The archipelago lies north of the
Pondicherry is a union territory in India, unlike the
federal states, Pondicherry is governed by the central government in New Delhi.
India: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, India is located in South Asia and covers a total area of 3,287,590 km², of
which 2,973,190 km² is land and 314,400 km² is water. Of the land area are:
Around 23.4% of the country is forested area, that is around 770,100 km².
- Around 200,000 km² of the area of meadow, pasture land
Around 4% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 57% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing wheat, rice, sugar cane, tea, potatoes, tobacco, cotton and jute.
About 200,000 km² ofthe area of India is desert, of which about
33% can be cultivated. The Thar Desert forms the largest part of the western
border with Pakistan.
South of the Thar desert is the Rann of Kutch, a huge salt swamp.
In the south of India there are river plains that are up to 400 kilometers
wide. It is the largest alluvial plain in the world; it covers most of the
catchment area of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. Due to the
abundance of water and the productive alluvial soils, the region is one of
the most fertile and most populous parts of India. The plains of Ganges and
Brahmaputra extend in a west-east direction from the Pakistani border to the
border with Bangladesh and to the northeast over the narrow land corridor
near Darjeeling. The Indus lowlands run north-south on both sides of the
border with Pakistan.
In India there are the following mountains: Himalaya, Aravalli Mountains,
Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats.
National borders, length of coast
India has borders with a total of six countries:
- Bangladesh with a length of 4,053 km,
- Myanmar (Burma) with a length of 1,463 km,
- Bhutan with a length of 605 km,
- Nepal with a length of 1,690 km,
- China with a length of 3,380 km and to
- Pakistan with a length of 2,912 km.
India's coastline to the Arabian Sea and to the east and the Bay of Bengal is
over 7,516 km long.
In India the tidal range is up to 12 m in some places.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
India extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 8 ° to 36 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 068 ° to 089 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For India, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time
The highest point of the sun in New Delhi
New Delhi lies at a north latitude of around φ = 28.5 °.
If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °,
summer starts in New Delhi, this is June 21. Then, for the highest position of
the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
28.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 85 °, the sun in New Delhi has the highest level of the entire year above
the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Kangchenjunga, which
with a height of 8,586 m belongs to the 14 eight-thousanders. The third highest
mountain in the world lies between Nepal and the Indian Sikkim. In addition to
the main summit, the mountain range has four other "secondary summits", they
are: West summit (8,505 m), middle summit (8,482 m), south summit (8,476 m) and
Kangbachen Peak (7,902 m). The main peak was first climbed on May 25, 1955 by
British climbers George Band and Joe Brown. They were part of the expedition led
by the British doctor and mountaineer Charles Evans.
The Nanga Parbat is with a height of 8,125 m - located in the
Kashmir Mountains, which belongs to Pakistan, but is claimed by India - the
second eight-thousanders in India. It was climbed for the first time on July 3,
1953 by Innsbruck-born Hermann Buhl (1924-1957) - single-handedly. The mountain
is considered to be the Germans' fateful mountain - so by the end of the 1930s a
large number of the best German Himalayan mountaineers had perished on Nanga
Parbat. The German Nanga Parbat expedition of 1937 ended particularly
tragically, in which seven German mountaineers and nine Sherpas were killed
under a huge avalanche. A drama that was even made into a film ("Nanga Parbat"
in the cinemas from January 2010) occurred in 1970,
Other high mountains are:
- Rakaposhiwith a height of 7,788 m
- Nanda Deviwith a height of 7,819 m
- Kametwith a height of 7,756 m
- Nunkunwith a height of 7,135 m
- Shillawith a height of 7,026 m
The 6,200 m high Cerro Kishtwar in the border area to Pakistan and China is a
specialty, as it is considered an extremely difficult mountain, especially with
its north and northwest flanks. The north-west flank was not climbed until 1993
by the British Michael Fowler. And on September 28, 2011 the Swiss Stepan
Siegrist reached the summit of the mountain via the northern flank.
The longest river in the country is the Brahmaputra with a total length of
around 2,900 km. It rises in the Jema Yangdzom glacier around 130 km east of the
6,714 m high Kailash. Then it flows in the area of Tibet about 1,500 km in an
easterly direction - roughly parallel to the northern borders of Nepal, India
and Bhutan. In the Dihang gorges, it then flows through the mountains in a
southerly direction to then reach the Bengal lowlands. There it flows in India
in a westerly direction until it bends sharply to the south and then reaches
Bangladesh. Here the main arm of the river joins the main arm under the name
"Jamuna" with the Ganges and then forms with it - in front of the confluence
with the Bay of Bengal - the huge Ganges delta.
The approximately 2,510 km long Ganges is the holy river of the Hindus, in which
ritual purifications take place and on the banks of which they burn their dead
and then hand them over to the river. The river passes through India and
Bangladesh. It has its origin in the Indian Garhwal - in the southwest of the
Himalayas - by the confluence of the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi. In Bangladesh, it
unites with the main Brahmaputra branch and then flows through the country under
the name Padma. The river forms the approximately 350 km long and extensive
Ganges delta - one of the largest estuary deltas in the world. is - before it
flows into the Bay of Bengal. The estuary delta is famous for its extensive
mangrove swamps, the Sundarbans. As a result of hurricanes, the very flat delta
is repeatedly flooded and often costs numerous lives. The following major Indian
cities are located on the extremely polluted river: Kanpur, Varanasi, Patna and
Other rivers in the country are:
- Induswith a total length (mostly in Pakistan) of
around 3,180 km
The largest lake in India is Wular Lake with a diameter of 15 miles.
Other larger lakes:
- Govinh Ballabh Pant Sagar
- Chilika Talah
- Hirakud reservoir
- Nagarjuna Sagar
- Nizam Sagar
- Rana Pratap Sagar
- Gandhi Sagar
- Pulicat Lake
- Thungabhadra Reservoir
- Bhadra Reservoir
- Krishnaraja Sagar
- Tawa reservoir
The Bodensee (571.5
km²) Germany, Switzerland and Austria;
the world's largest inland lake: the Caspian Sea (393,898
km²) in Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan;
of Lake Ontario (19,259 sq km) in the United
States and Canada
as well as the Lake Victoria (69,000 square kilometers)
in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya.
The country are offshore of the following islands or belong elsewhere to the
archipelago of Lakshadweep
islands of the Andaman
archipelago of Nikkobaren.
The residents of the two latter islands were victims of the devastating
tsunami on Christmas 2004.
Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea
India borders the Arabian Sea to the northwest and the Bay of Bengal to the
east. These two seas are marginal seas of the Indian Ocean - which India borders
in the southwest and south.
A detailed description of these seas can be found under the following links:
- Arabian Sea
- Bay of Bengal