Montserrat: population and capital
According to Countryaah
website, Montserrat only has a little over 5,000 residents after the volcanic eruptions
of 1995 and 1997.
Of the population on the island are:
93% black and mixed race, 3% white and 4% other ethnic groups
Of the island's population:
30% are Anglicans, 23% Methodists and 10% Catholics. Also Pentecostal,
Seventh-Day Adventists and other Christian communities.
The national language is English.
The island's capital before the 1995 and 1997 volcanic eruptions was
Plymouth. In 1997 the city was officially abandoned. It's Brades
Estate now. But a new capital is under construction in Little Bay
on the northwest side. The project in the Little Bay region aims to revitalize
the island, which has been badly affected by the volcanic eruption. In some time
the new economic, cultural, social and political center of the island will be
located here. There will be a marina, business district, office buildings, and
administrative and government buildings. In addition, a boulevard with cafes,
boutiques and restaurants, a new attraction on the island, invites people to
linger and enjoy.
Area and boundaries
Defined by DigoPaul, the island of Montserrat covers an area of around 102 km². The island is of
volcanic origin and consists mainly of three volcanic massifs, namely the Silver
Hills in the north, the Center Hills in the middle and the Soufrière Hills in
the south. Only the volcano in the Soufrière Hills in the south is active.
The island has no direct neighbors and therefore no national
Montserrat has a coast to the Caribbean with a total length of around 50 km.
Longitude and latitude of Montserrat
The island of Montserrat extends over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 16 ° 40 'to 16 ° 49' north latitude
Δλ = from 062 ° 09 'to 062 ° 15' west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Legal time on Montserrat
For Montserrat, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there
and a plus sign that it is later than CET. There is no summer or winter time on
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Brades Estate
Brades Estate, the current capital of the island, lies at a north latitude of
around φ = 16 ° and 48` - and thus in the middle of the tropics.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 16 ° and 48` N, and thus the
image point of the sun is above the island or Brades, the sun is perpendicular
there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 65 days after the
21./22. March and then again 65 days before September 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north
of the latitude of Brades, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our
latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to
west, where, like us, it sets.
Further and detailed explanations can be found under Sun position
The highest mountain in the country is the lava dome in English's Crater - in
the Soufriere Hills massif with a height of around 1,050 m. Two recent eruptions
from this volcano are particularly noteworthy:
On July 18, 1995, there was a major volcanic eruption. As a result, the southern
part of the island was evacuated from August 21st. By the end of October, a
series of further eruptions followed in several craters, as a result of which
the southern half of the island with the then island capital Plymouth was
covered by volcanic ash. From November 14th, a lava dome was formed from rising
magma. The breaking off of the increasingly steep lava dome resulted in
pyroclastic avalanches that raced down the slopes at speeds of over 100 km/h
and destroyed everything on their way.
On June 25, 1997, there was another severe outbreak with pyroclastic avalanches
that reached previously unaffected areas. 19 farmers were killed because they
had resisted evacuation. The eruptions of the volcano lasted until September
1997. After that, all the communities and towns on the southern half of the
island - including the airport - were covered with such a thick layer of ash
that they became absolutely uninhabitable. The entire southern part of the
island has been a restricted area since then.
There are film and photo recordings of an approximately 11 km high ash cloud,
the tip of which glowed red in the sunlight and was reminiscent of a rose
opening - an eerily beautiful picture.
The island of Montserrat is located in the Caribbean - southeast of Nevis and
northwest of Guadeloupe.
The Caribbean is a marginal sea of the Atlantic and lies between
the islands of the Caribbean and the American continent. In the west, Mexico and
other Central American states border the Caribbean. In the south of Colombia and
Venezuela. The border in the east and north form the following islands or
archipelagos starting from Venezuela in a semi-circle to the "actual" Atlantic:
Trinidad and Tabago, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica, British Virgin Islands,
Puerto Rico, Haiti and Cuba.
The deepest point in the Caribbean is the Cayman Rift between Jamaica and the
Cayman Islands with a depth of 7,680 m. Together with the Gulf of Mexico, the
Caribbean forms the "American Mediterranean".
||Area in km²
||British overseas territory of the United Kingdom (UK)