North Korea Population, cities
Countryaah website, North Korea has about 24 million residents.
99% Koreans, Chinese are the largest minority.
15% of North Koreans practice shamanistic cults, 15% are followers of
the Chondokyo religion. There are also small minorities of Christians and
Buddhists. The Christians in the country in particular are persecuted and are
often sent to camps.
Korean is the official language
The capital of North Korea is Pyongyang with approx. 4.1 million
This city with around 340,000 residents is located a little more than 10 km
north of the border with South Korea. In 2004 the special economic zone of the
same name, in which around 50,000 North Koreans and around 1,000 South Koreans
are employed, was officially opened after preparatory work had already started a
few years earlier.
Here clothes, trainers, household appliances and car accessories are
manufactured. South Korea benefits from the local low wages, while North Korea
receives significant foreign exchange income from it. There is a kind of
motorway to Pyongyang and the south, as well as direct train connections.
From April 3, 2013, however, the South Koreans were refused entry. It remains to
be seen whether this is the end of this last and very successful cooperation
between South and North Korea.
North Korea: geography
Defined by DigoPaul, North Korea has the northern part of the Korean peninsula and a narrow strip
of the mainland, which geographically belongs to the East Asian mainland
mass. Neighbors are China, Russia and South Korea.
Area and land use
North Korea covers a total area of 122,762 km².
Around 74% of the country is forested.
- Meadow, pasture land
Around 1% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 18% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
Around 80% of the area is mountainous.
North Korea has a common border with three countries:
China with a length of around 1,416 km,
South Korea with a length of around 238 km,
Russia with a length of around 25 km.
North Korea has a sea coast with a length of around 2,495 km.
In Wonsan on the Sea of Japan, the mean tidal range is around 1 m.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
North Korea extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 38 ° to 43 ° north latitude
Δλ = from 124 ° to 131 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For North Korea, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without daylight saving time). A minus sign means that it is
earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
Highest level of the sun in Pyongyang
Pyongyang lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 39 ° (exactly: 39 ° 01
If the sun, or its image point, is at the northern tropic, i.e. at = 23.5 °,
summer begins in Pyongyang, this is June 21. Then for the highest position of
the sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
39 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
At 74.5 °, the sun in Pyongyang has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
The highest mountain in the country is the Paektusan with a height of 2,744
m. The mountain is on the border with China.
The Kwanmo has a height of 2,540 m and is part of the Hamgyong mountain
The Kumgang Mountains (Diamond Mountains) as part of the T'aebaek
mountain range are among the most beautiful in North Korea.
The longest river in the country is the Jalu with a length of around 790 km.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger reservoirs.
Yellow Sea, Sea of Japan
The Yellow Sea is in the west of the country and in the east is the Sea of
The Yellow Sea borders China and North and South Korea. In the south it
merges into the East China Sea. Its lowest point is around 110 m. It takes its
name from the yellow alluvial sand that the Yellow River (Huáng Hé ) and
other smaller rivers in particular wash into the Yellow Sea. The Yellow Sea
covers an area of around km². At its widest point between China and South
Korea, the sea is around 630 km wide, and between China and North Korea around
665 km. Its narrowest point is around 195 km between China and North Korea.
Sea of Japan The Sea of
Japan lies between the Japanese islands and the mainland (China, Korea, and
Russia). It covers an area of 1,048,950 km² - with a maximum Tife of 3,745
m. Alongside South and North Korea, there are also China, Japan and Russia on
the Sea of Japan.
The connections to the Pacific are the Korea Strait in the south, the Tsugaru
Strait between Honshu and Hokkaido (Japan) and the La Pérouse Strait between the
islands of Hokkaido (Japan) and Sakhalin (Russia).