Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe: population and cities
Countryaah website, São Tomé and Príncipe has around 210,000 residents, the majority of whom live
on São Tomé. The population increases by about 3% per year. Infant and child
mortality is very high at around 7.5%. The life expectancy of women is 67.3
years, that of men 63.5 years.
The country's population is made up of around 88% Africans, i.e. descendants of
West African Bantu. 10% of the islanders are mulattos and only 2% are
European. Altogether there are seven ethnic groups on the island, some of which
go back to peoples who have come to the islands since 1485. The Mestiços are
descendants of the Portuguese colonial rulers and African slaves who came to the
islands from Benin, Gabon and the Congo in the early years of settlement. They
are also known as Filhos da Terra, the sons/children of the country.
The Angolares are descendants of the Angolan slaves and today they mainly
live from fishing. The Serviçais are contract workers from Angola, Mozambique
and Cape Verde who only live temporarily on the islands. The Tongas are the
Serviçais children born on the islands, while the Europeans are predominantly
made up of Portuguese. Finally there are the Asians, especially the Chinese.
affiliation About 80% of the population are Catholics and 10% Protestants. There
are also New Apostolic Christians and followers of natural religions, so-called
The official language in São Tomé and Príncipe is Portuguese. It is spoken by
about 95% of the islanders. However, there are another three national languages
that are used as colloquial languages and are Creole (Crioulo) languages
based on the Portuguese or Western Bantu languages. Forro is spoken by 85% of
people, Angolar by 3% and Principense by around 0.1%. French is also taught in
Capital and other cities
About 60,000 people live in the capital and by far the largest city of
São Tomé and Príncipe, which is more than six times as many as in the second
largest city on the island. The port city named after the holy apostle Thomas
nestles picturesquely on the northeast coast of the island of São Tomé and is an
important export port for cocoa, copra and bananas. São Tomé was founded by the
Portuguese in 1485 and is centered around a cathedral that dates back to the
16th century. The São Sebastião Fort from 1575 is also well worth seeing. Today
the São Tomé National Museum is housed there. The city also includes the São
Tomé and Príncipe International Airport. There are also numerous Portuguese
colonial buildings in the small capital of São Tomé.
Located on the northwest coast of São Tomés, the city of Neves with
around 7,000 residents and its deep seaport is the country's most important
Just 8,500 people live in the second largest city of São Tomé and
Príncipe. It spreads in the Lobata District.
Santo Antonio has about 1,500 residents and is the capital of the
island of Príncipe. The city has very interesting Portuguese colonial villas.
Sao Tome and Principe: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, located off West Africa in the Gulf of Guinea - part of the Atlantic - the
archipelago of volcanic origin consists of the main islands São Tomé and
Príncipe as well as a few small, mostly uninhabited rocky islands. The landscape
is rugged and mostly covered by forest.
The island state of São Tomé and Príncipe covers a total area of 1,001
Around 90% of the country is forested. Around a third of this is primary
forest (primeval forest), secondary forest (artificially planted) and shadow
forest (shadow trees in coffee and cocoa plantations).
- Fields and fields
Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cocoa, oil palms, bananas, coffee and coconuts.
The islands are part of a volcanic chain and are therefore very mountainous.
Due to its island location, São Tomé and Príncipe have no land borders with
But the island state has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean with a total length of
around 210 km.
In the mean tidal range is around 2.50 m. You can find detailed explanations
of ebb and flow under tides, ebb and flow, general.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
São Tomé and Príncipe extend over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 0 ° to 1 ° 40 'north latitude
Δλ = from 6 ° 28' to 7 ° 30 'east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For São Tomé and Príncipe the following value applies to Central European
Time (CET), i.e. the time without daylight saving time. A minus sign means that
it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in São Tomé
São Tomé is located at a north latitude of around 20 ° and thus in the
If the declination of the sun has a value of 20 ° N, the sun is vertical
there. This happens twice a year, roughly 14 days before June 21st and then
again 14 days after June 21st (for details see position of the sun).
The highest mountain on São Tomé is the Pico de Sao Tomé with
a height of 2,024 m.
Another high mountain is the Pico Kabumbé with a height of
The Pico de Príncipe, the highest point on the island of
Príncipe, has a height of 927 m.
rivers and lakes
There are no larger rivers or larger lakes on the islands.
The state consists of the main islands São Tomé with an area
of 859 km² and Príncipe with an area of 142 km², as well as
the smaller islands:
- Gago Coutinho
- Pedras Tinhosas
- Rolhas and some tiny islands