You are here: Top Engineering Schools > Asia > Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka: population and cities


According to Countryaah website, as of January 1, 2019, Sri Lanka had around 21 million residents.

Sri Lanka: population and cities

Ethnic composition

About 74% Sinhalese, 18% Tamil, 7% Arab and other minority groups live in Sri Lanka.


affiliation Approximately 70% of the population of Sri Lanka are Buddhists, 12% Hindus, 10% Muslims and 7% Christians live on the island.

National languages

Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. English is also widely spoken.

Capital and other cities

The official capital with the seat of government of Sri Lanka is officially Sri Jayewardenepura - Kotte de facto but Colombo with around 700,000 residents.

Other cities are:

  • Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia with approx. 210,000 residents
  • Moratuwa with approx. 177,500 residents
  • Jaffna with approx. 145,600 residents
  • Negombo with approx. 122,000 residents
  • Sri Jayewardenepura with approx. 115,000 residents
  • Kandy with approx. 110,000 residents

Sri Lanka: geography, map

Defined by DigoPaul, the island of Sri Lanka is located in southeast India and is only 600 km from the equator. The extension of the island is around 435 km from north to south and around 225 km from east to west. The island has a coast to the Indian Ocean with a length of around 1,330 km.

Sri Lanka: geography, map

Sri Lanka is separated from India by sandbanks, reefs and small islands that form the "Adams Bridge". In the central south of the country, a mountain landscape rises to a height of over 2,500 meters.

The island is a natural paradise, where you can find a great variety of species - including wild elephants and leopards - between cloud forests, tropical rainforests, beaches and dry zones.

This makes Sri Lanka one of the five biodiversity hotspots. Sri Lanka has a forest area of approximately 15,000 km². In addition to tropical rain forests and mountain cloud forests, deciduous and evergreen monsoon forests predominate. In addition to the precious woods, such as the Ceylon ironwood tree, the ebony tree or the satinwood tree, you can also find the kapok tree, the saman tree and various fig tree species.

Area and land use

Sri Lanka covers an area of 65,525 km².


  • Forest

    About 20% (approx. 15,000 km²) of the island is covered with forest.

  • Meadow and pasture land

    About 30% of the area of Sri Lanka is used as meadow and pasture land.

  • Fields and fields

    Around 14% of the area of Sri Lanka is used for agricultural purposes. The famous Ceylon tea is mainly grown in Sri Lanka.

  • Mountains

    In the central south of Sri Lanka, a highland rises to over 2,500 m.

Tidal range

In Colombo the mean tidal range is around 3 m.

For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.


The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.

On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.

Longitude and latitude

Sri Lanka extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):

Δφ = from 05 50 'to 09 45' north latitude

Δλ = from around 79 40 'to around 81 50' east longitude

You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and Latitude.

Legal time

In Sri Lanka, it is the following number of hours later than Central European Time (CET), i.e. without taking summer time into account:

Δt (CET) = + 5 h

Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones, time.

Highest level of the sun in Colombo

Colombo is located at a northern latitude of around φ = 07 and thus in the middle of the tropics.

If the declination δ of the sun has the value 07 N, and the sun's image point is thus exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens exactly twice a year, roughly 27 days after March 21st and then again 27 days before September 21st.


If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the latitude of Colombo, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.

You can find more detailed explanations of the highest sun levels under: Sun position)



The highest mountain on the island is the Pidurutalagala with a height of 2,524 m.

Adam's Peak

Another high mountain is Adam's Peak with a height of 2,243 m.


Mahaweli Ganga

The longest river in the country is the Mahaweli Ganga with a length of around 335 km.

Other rivers are:

  • Malwathu Oya with a length of 164 km
  • Kalu Ganga with a length of 129 km


There are numerous lakes and reservoirs in Sri Lanka. The largest lakes include:

  • Ulhitiya Oya Reservoir
  • Victoria Reservoir
  • Uda Walawe Reservoir
  • Lunuganwehera Reservoir


Between Sri Lanka and the Indian mainland, a series of smaller islands, sandbanks and coral reefs run along, which together are called the Adams Bridge (Adams Bridge)


  • Delft
  • Karaitivu
  • Kayts

Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal

Indian Ocean

The Indian Ocean covers an area of 74.9 million km², making it the third largest ocean in the world after the Pacific and the Atlantic. By far the largest part of this ocean is in the southern hemisphere. It extends from

its greatest depth with 8,047 m in the so-called Diamantina Deep.



Algeria Angola
Benin Botswana
Burkina Faso Burundi
Cameroon Canary Islands
Cape Verde Central African Republic
Chad Comoros
D.R. Congo Djibouti
Egypt Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea Ethiopia
Gabon Gambia
Ghana Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast
Kenya Lesotho
Liberia Libya
Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania
Mauritius Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Niger Nigeria
Reunion Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal Seychelles
Sierra Leone Somalia
South Africa South Sudan
Sudan Suriname
Swaziland Tanzania
Togo Tunisia
Uganda Zambia


Afghanistan Armenia
Azerbaijan Bahrain
Bangladesh Bhutan
Brunei Cambodia
China Cyprus
East Timor Georgia
Hong Kong India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Israel
Japan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Lebanon Macau
Malaysia Maldives
Mongolia Myanmar
Nepal North Korea
Oman Pakistan
Palestine Philippines
Qatar Saudi Arabia
Singapore South Korea
Sri Lanka Syria
Taiwan Tajikistan
Thailand Turkey
Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Vietnam


Aland Albania
Andorra Austria
Belarus Belgium
Bulgaria Croatia
Czech Republic Denmark
Estonia Finland
France Germany
Greece Hungary
Iceland Ireland
Italy Kosovo
Latvia Liechtenstein
Lithuania Luxembourg
Macedonia Malta
Moldova Monaco
Montenegro Netherlands
Norway Poland
Portugal Romania
Russia San Marino
Serbia Slovakia
Slovenia Spain
Sweden Switzerland
Ukraine Vatican City

North America

Canada Greenland
Mexico United States

Central America

Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas Barbados
Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cuba British Virgin Islands
Costa Rica Curacao
Dominica Dominican Republic
Ecuador El Salvador
Guadeloupe Guatemala
Haiti Honduras
Jamaica Martinique
Montserrat Panama
Puerto Rico Saba
  Trinidad and Tobago

South America

Argentina Bolivia
Brazil Chile
Colombia French Guiana
Guyana Nicaragua
Paraguay Peru
Uruguay Venezuela


Australia American Samoa
Cook Islands Easter Island
Fiji Falkland Islands
Guam French Polynesia
Kiribati Marshall Islands
Micronesia Nauru
New Caledonia New Zealand
Niue Northern Mariana Islands
Palau Pitcairn
Samoa Papua New Guinea
Tokelau Solomon Islands
Tonga Tuvalu
Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna
Top 50 Engineering Schools in Asia

Copyright 2021 Top Engineering Schools All Right Reserved.