Swaziland: population and cities
Countryaah website, in Swaziland around 1.2 million people, with the tendency that the population
will shrink very sharply in the next few years due to AIDS, poverty, high child
mortality and emigration (especially to South Africa).
The population growth rate of Swaziland, one of the poorest countries in the
world, is around 1.3% with an average birth rate of 28.09 births per 1,000
people. On average, a Swazi gives birth to 3.19 children in their
lifetime. Unfortunately, 85 out of 1,000 live babies die within the first
year. The maternal mortality rate is 390 per 100,000 births. The number of
people infected with HIV is staggering and the highest in the world. Around 42%
of the Swazi live with HIV/AIDS, with around 10,000 people dying each year
from the immune deficiency disease. The average life expectancy in the country
is just 31.7 years for men and 32.3 years for women.
According to reliable estimates, around 70% of Swaziland's population live in
dire poverty while the king of the country built ten palaces for his wife. About
25% of the people are dependent on food aid.
The residents of the country are called Swazi (s), which is misleading,
because the term Swazi actually only includes the 90% Swazi in the country, but
not the ethnic minorities, which still make up 10% (see below).
97% black and 3% white live in Swaziland. More than 90% of the people belong to
the Swasi, a Bantu people. Other black African ethnic groups in the country are
Sotho, Zulu and Tsonga. There is also a mulatto minority and the aforementioned
About 95% of Swaziland's residents are Christians who mostly follow a Protestant
creed. The rest of the population belongs to traditional African religions. As
in many African countries, there is often a parallel affiliation to a natural
religion and Christianity.
Furthermore, a tiny minority of Muslims and Bahá'ís still live in the
country. It is also worth noting that most of the Swazi attribute a special
spiritual power to the king and his family.
National languages SiSwati is the country's official
language. English is also used as a commercial and educational language. Of
course, the minorities in the country still speak their own languages.
Capital and other cities
The capital of Swaziland is Mbabane with around 95,000 residents. Founded in
1902 by the British, the city acts as an economic and administrative center of
Swaziland and spreads out in the Mdimba Mountains. It was named after Mbabane
Kunene, a famous chief of the time. Economically speaking, the city lives from
the nearby ore and tin mines.
Lobamba, the traditional capital and seat of government of Swaziland,
is the seat of parliament. The Queen Mother also has her residence here. About
5,800 people currently live in the city in the west of the country. Lobamba,
with the State Palace, the Swazi National Museum, the royal kraal and some other
buildings and facilities, is well-known for two ceremonies: The reed dance takes
place there in August and September in honor of the Queen Mother. December and
January are reserved for the homage to the king (Incwala).
By far the largest city in the country is not the capital Mbabane, but
Manzini. Around 110,500 people live in the city. Manzini is located in the
so-called Middle Veld and is the traffic center of the country, especially since
Swaziland's only international airport is located there or in the suburb of
In Nhlangano, a town about 120 kilometers south of Mbabane, there is not only a
casino attached to a hotel to visit, but also a swimming pool and a fabulous
golf course. Furthermore, the nearby Mkondo River runs through a landscape of
valleys, gorges, rapids and waterfalls.
Swaziland: Geography and Map
Defined by DigoPaul, inland Swaziland is located in the east of southern Africa and is the second
smallest country in Africa after Gambia. The country is divided into four
- Highlands (Highveld) with an average altitude of 1,300 m. It
belongs to the Drakensberg Mountains,
which are predominantly located in the Republic of South Africa.
- Middleveld with hills and valleys at an average altitude of
- Lowland (Lowveld) with an average height of 200 m.
- Lubombo plateau in the east, a dry savannah.
Area and boundaries
Swaziland covers an area of 17,364 km². Thereof:
Around 7% of the country are forest and scrubland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 63% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 11% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing sugar cane, citrus fruits and pineapples.
Swaziland borders on two states:
Mozambique with a length of the border of 105 km and
South Africa with a length of the border of 430 km.
Longitude and latitude
Swaziland covers the following latitude (abbr.) And longitude (abbreviation):
|from 25 ° 45 'to 27 ° 20' south latitude
from 30 ° 45 'to 32 ° 10' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Swaziland, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Mbabane
Mbabane lies at a south latitude of around = 26.5 °.
When the sun or its image point is at the tropic, i.e. at = 23.5 °, summer
begins in Mbabane, this is December 21st. Then, for the highest position of the
sun at noon, according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
- 26.5 ° = - (90 ° - h) + - 23.5 °
This is the highest level above the horizon (exactly: above the chimney) that
the sun occupies within the year in Mbabane.
The image point of the sun and thus its declination is located north of the
latitude of Mbabane all year round, so the sun is not in the south at noon, as
in our latitudes, but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to
north to west, where, like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in Swaziland is the Emlembe with a height of 1,862 m.
The country's four largest rivers, the Usutu, Komati, Mbuluzi and Ngwavuma,
flow from west to east and flow into the Indian Ocean.
In Swaziland there are two lakes, the 16,000 ha = 160 km² lake
Jozini and the Mnjoli.