Syria: population and cities
Countryaah website, Syria has about 21 million residents; there are also around half a
million Palestinian refugees. The population density is about 93 residents per
Federal Republic of Germany (81.9 million), Austria (8.3 million), USA (314.2 million), PR China (1.3 billion), India (1.2 billion) and Egypt with approx. 80.5 million residents.
Arabs (approx. 90%), Kurds, Armenians, Turkmens, Meshes and others
72% Sunni-Muslim, 12% Alawites, 10% Christian; 4% Druze,
the rest: different
The national language is Arabic.
Capital and other cities
The capital of the Syrian Arab Republic is Damascus with a
population of around 1.8 million.
Other cities are:
- Aleppo with approx. 2.1 million residents
- Homs with approx. 740,000 residents
- Latakia with approx. 440,000 residents
- Hama with approx. 350,000 residents
New York (8 million) in the USA,
Sao Paulo (> 17 million) in Brazil,
Berlin (3.4 million) in Germany,
London (7.2 million) in England and Great Britain,
Beijing (City 6 million) in China,
Mexico City in Mexico, the most populous city on earth (over
Tokyo (11.8 million) in Japan.
Syria: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Syria consists of fertile plains, mountains and deserts. The Euphrates, which
comes from Turkey, flows through the country for a length of 680 km and then
flows further into Iraq.
Area and land use
The Syrian Arab Republic covers an area of 185,180 km².
National borders, length of coast
The total length of the borders is 2,253 km. The neighboring countries are:
in the north Turkey (822 km),
in the east Iraq (605 km),
in the south Jordan (375 km),
in the west Israel (76 km), Lebanon (375 km)
and the Mediterranean Sea.
The length of the coast of Syria is around 190 km.
Tidal range in Syria
The tidal range on the Mediterranean coast is only about 40 cm, even in
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
Halifax. On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three
meters. In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only
0.3 meters, while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Syria extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 32 ° to 37 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 035 ° to 042 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Syria, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Damascus
Damascus lies at a northern latitude of around φ = 33.5 °.
If the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer will begin in
Helsinki, June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon,
according to Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
33.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
With 80 ° the sun in Damascus has the highest level of the whole year above
the horizon (more precisely: the notch).
The highest mountain in the country is the Jabal Ash-Shaykh (Mt.
Hermon) with a height of 2,814 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Halîmah with a height of 2,463 m
- Djebel ad-Drus with a height of 1,735 m
- Jebel Qasyun with an altitude of 1,150 m.
The longest river in the country is the Nahr al-Furad (Euphrates)
with a total length of 2,880 km, of which 680 km in Syria. Other rivers in the
- Nahr al khabur with a total length of 502 km, of which
402 km in Syria
- Orontes with a total length of 485 km, of which 366 km
- Chabur with a total length of 320.
Euphrates and Tigris
The Euphrates flows from Turkey through Syria and further into Iraq, where it
flows into the Persian Gulf in the Shatt al-Arab - the confluence with the
Tigris - on the border between Iraq and Iran. The Euphrates is the largest river
in the Middle East and has a length of around 3,380 km with its longer source
river, the Murat, the second source river is the Karasu (black water). Both
rivers have their source in Turkey in the mountains of eastern Anatolia. Both
unite in the "Keban" dam and form the Euphrates, which is around 2,735 km
long. legend has it that the garden of "Eden" was located here. In addition, the
neighboring rivers Euphrates and Tigris are next to the Nile with the rivers
with the oldest cultures on their banks or in their vicinity.
The Tigris forms the border to Turkey for a few km in the extreme northeast. The
Tigris rises and after about km flows into the Shatt al-Arab - the confluence
with the Euphrates - on the border between Iraq and Iran in the Persian Gulf.
The largest lake in Syria is Al-Assad with a size of 674
km². Other larger lakes are:
- Jabul with a size of 239 km²
- Quattineh with a size of 61 km².
The Mediterranean covers an area of 2.5 million km². It is connected to the
Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar, which is around 15 km wide at its
narrowest point. And over the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosperus
with the Black Sea. Its deepest point - the so-called Calypso Deep - at around
5,265 m is in the Ionian Sea south of the Greek Peloponnese peninsula.
In the Mediterranean there are two still active volcanoes, it is the approx.
916 m high Stromboli on the approx. 12.6 km² large island of the same name,
which is part of the Aeolian Islands. In Sicily near Catania and Messina there
is the approximately 3,323 m high Etna. The approx. 1,280 m high Vesuvius near
Naples on the mainland, which was built in 79 AD. Pompeii, Stabiae and
Herculaneum is currently inactive - its last eruption occurred in 1944. Another
outbreak must be expected.
The Mediterranean borders or belongs to Europe, Asia and Africa, which it not
only divides but also connects with each other since ancient times.