Togo: population and cities
According to Countryaah
website, Togo has about 8 million residents, who are called Togoers. The terms Togolese
and Togolesin are somewhat more common and also not wrong.
With an average of 58 years, Togolese people have one of the highest life
expectancies in all of West Africa. The population growth in the country is
2.78%. The birth rate is 36.66 per 1,000 residents, with a Togolese woman
having an average of 4.85 children in the course of her life. If you look at the
population structure of Togo, it follows the classic population pyramid, because
around half of the population is under 16 years old and only 2.7% compared to
people who are older than 65 years. The population of Togo shows a remarkable
rural-urban exodus as well as a strong emigration, especially of young men,
abroad, which promises them better life prospects.
Togo’s society is not homogeneous. Rather, we are dealing with a multiethnic
state whose numerous ethnic groups are represented by only a few hundred, but
also by several million. The feeling of belonging to one's own ethnic group has
been very pronounced since independence and has also been the background to many
tensions between people. With around 40%, the Ewe Togos are numerically the most
important ethnic group. This is followed by the Tem (23.1%), the Akebou (13.2%),
the Gurma (9.7%) and the Yoruba (6.8%). In addition, around 1% Europeans and
people of other ethnicities live in the country.
affiliation The majority of Togoers - around 50% - are followers of natural
religions such as the Ga and the Yoruba. About 30% of the people are (mainly
Roman Catholic) Christians and about 20% Sunni Muslims. Some smaller Jewish
communities can be found in the coastal regions of the country.
The official language of Togo is French. Furthermore, African colloquial
languages such as Ewe, Kabiyé, Mina, Dagomba and different Kwa and Gur
languages are spoken, as well as the languages of the “non-Togolese” ethnic
groups such as the Akebou.
In total there are about 40 living languages in use.
Capital and other cities
Lomé is the capital of Togo with 1.2 million residents and at the same time
the economic, cultural, political and commercial center of the country. Lomé,
which also functions as the capital of the Maritime region, spreads out on the
Gulf of Guinea and houses the seat of the President and the government, i.e. the
Primature. The port of Lomés is the most important in the country because it is
used to handle import and export business with neighboring countries. The city
is full of higher educational institutions and has impressive buildings and
institutions, including the National Museum, the National Library, the Maison du
RPT (= House of the Unity Party), the Governor's Palace and the Sacré-Coeur
Up to 95,000 people live in Atakpamé. Atakpamé, which was once the
administrative center of the German colony of Togoland, spreads out on the
western edge of the Atakora mountain range and, with the Notre-Dame de la
Trinité cathedral, is the bishopric of the eponymous diocese. Otherwise Atakpamé
is an important traffic junction, a center of textile processing and an
important trading point for the cotton grown in the surrounding area.
Dapaong is the northernmost city in Togo. The capital of the Togolese region of
Savanes, inhabited by around 50,000 people, is in the immediate vicinity of
neighboring Ghana. The Savanes region is characterized by a dry steppe climate.
Kara (also Lama-Kara)
Kara acts as the capital of the region of the same name and is inhabited by
around 100,500 people. The important administrative and economic center of
northern Togo has housed the Université de Kara since 2004, has a very busy
market square, numerous luxury hotels and the Niamtougou International Airport,
thanks to which many tourists and business people come to the city. Every year
the city hosts a traditional wrestling festival, which has become an important
rite of initiation in the growing up of young Kabyès.
Sokodé has around 95,000 residents. It spreads between the two rivers Mono and
Mo and is considered to be the most important trading point for the agrarian
As the undisputed landmark of the multi-ethnic and multi-religious city, the
Great Old Mosque rises from its sea of houses, which indicates that Sokodé is
the city of Togo with the largest Muslim population.
Togo: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Togo covers an area of 56,785 km². Thereof:
Around 16% of the country is forested area (tropical rainforests and savanna
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 33% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
Around 23% of the country consists of savannah.
- Fields and fields
Around 25% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing coffee, tea and cocoa, cotton, coconuts and peanuts as well as
cassava, rice, millet and corn.
Togo shares a border with the following three countries:
- Beninwith a length of 644 km
- Burkina Fasowith a length of 126 km
- Ghanawith a length of 877 km.
Longitude and latitude
Togo extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 06 ° 6´ to 11 ° 9´ north latitude.
Δλ = from 000 ° 9´ west to 001 ° 49´ east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Legal time in Togo
For Togo, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time (without summer time). A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Lomé
Lomé, the capital of the country, lies at a north
latitude of around φ = 06 °.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value 06 ° N, and the sun's image point
is thus exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This happens
exactly twice a year, roughly 23 days after March 21st and 23 days before
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Lomé, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but
in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest point in the country is Mont Agou, the former Mont Baumann, in the
south-west of the country with a height of 986 m. Further surveys are:
- the Mont Korongawith a height of 789 m
- the Mont Kalankpawith an altitude of 779.
The longest river in the country is the Mono with a length of around 400
km. Other rivers in the country are:
Retenue de Nangbéto
The country includes several smaller lakes. The largest lake is the Retenue de
Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic
Togo borders the Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the
south of the country for almost 60 km. You can find a detailed description of
these seas at Goruma under the following links:
- Atlantic Ocean
- Gulf of Guinea