Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago: population, cities
website, Trinidad and Tobago has approx. 1.4 million residents.
The Caribbean islands were originally populated by Arawak and Caribbean
Indians. After Columbus discovered the islands, countless people immigrated from
many countries, so that the number of the original natives can hardly be traced
and today's population is made up of a multitude of different cultures.
The residents of the two islands today are made up as follows: 40% of the
population are each of Indian and African descent, 15% mulattos, 1% each Chinese
and Lebanese and 2% white (English, Portuguese, French and Spanish descent).
There is general freedom of religion in Trinidad and
Tobago. This is reflected in the religious diversity on the islands:
- Roman Catholic: approx. 26%
- Hindu: approx. 23%
- Anglican: approx. 8%
- Baptist: approx. 7%
- Pentecostal followers: approx. 7%
- other Christian religions: approx. 6%
- Muslims: approx. 6%
- Adventists: approx. 4%
- other: approx. 10.5%
- not recorded: approx. 1.3%
- without commitment: approx. 2%
Visitors to the islands can marvel at the Gothic and Romanesque churches that
are in close proximity to synagogues, minarets and Hindu temples.
Neither the occult nor the voodoo cult have a lot of influence, even if you
sometimes still meet so-called miracle healers on the south coast of Trinidad.
The official language is English. In the course of colonial rule and immigration
from many countries and the resulting process of cultural and linguistic mixing,
a Creole variety of English emerged: a mixed language with African, French and
Spanish influences in syntax and vocabulary is used in everyday and colloquial
terms used. In addition, some Hindi dialects are spoken as well as Spanish and
Capital, other cities
The capital of Trinidad & Tobago is Port of Spain, located
in northwest Trinidad on the Gulf of Paria. With over 51,000 residents, Port
of Spain is also the largest city in the island state and the economic, cultural
and political center of the island state. All other cities in the country are
Other cities are:
- Arima, approx. 30,000 residents, 35 km from the
capital Port of Spain
- San Fernando, approx. 50,000 residents (thus the
second largest city in the island state). The center of the south has so far
remained almost untouched by tourism.
- With about 20,000 residents, Scarborough is the
largest city of Tobago and at the same time the capital of the island, in
which the corresponding administrative facilities are also located. But it
has remained rather provincial.
- Roxborough, about 17 miles northeast of
Scarborough; belongs to the larger communities of Tobago, but is more of a
peaceful and sleepy nest.
- Charlotteville, an idyllic village in the foothills of
the Main Ridge 3 miles northwest of Speyside.
Trinidad and Tobago: map
Defined by DigoPaul, the two islands of Trinidad & Tobago are only a few kilometers from the coast
of South America - Trinidad is the shortest distance from Venezuela at 12
kilometers. Together, the two islands have an area of 5,128 km2, Tobago is the
smaller of the two with only 300 km2 and is 34 km northeast of Trinidad.
Trinidad and Tobago are located at the southern end of the Caribbean, between
around 60 ° and 62 ° west longitude and 10 ° and 12 ° north latitude. They are
the southernmost islands in the Lesser Antilles.
Trinidad and Tobago: Geography
Trinidad and Tobago are part of the "Lesser Antilles", a chain of islands
that is one of the numerous Caribbean islands that all together form a 4,000 km
arc from the North American to the South American continent. Furthermore, in a
further subdivision, Trinidad & Tobago belongs to the so-called "islands above
the wind", which are exposed to the trade winds that bring them rain. With over
4,800 km², Trinidad is the largest island in the Lesser Antilles and is located
at the narrowest point of the Gulf of Paria, only about 15 km from Venezuela,
from which it separated only about 3,000 years ago due to a rise in sea
level. This means that the islands are a direct continuation of the South
American mainland in terms of their geological structure and surface shape.
Trinidad and Tobago cover an area of 5,128 km² - of which Trinidad 4,828 km²
and Tobago 300 km² of
Over 50% of the island area is still forested and the government has set
itself the goal of establishing further national parks and landscape
protection zones in order to preserve the abundance of
vegetation. Particularly noteworthy are the rainforest of the Main Ridge on
Tobago and the tropical forest of the Northern Range on Trinidad.
On the east and west coast of Trinidad, large parts of the landscape are
mangrove and swamp landscapes: the Caroni Swamps in the north-west, the
Oropuche Lagoon in the south-west and the Nariva Swamps in the east. The
swamp areas on the east coast are separated from the sea by miles of sandy
beaches with coconut palms.
In Trinidad there are three mountain ranges running parallel from west to
east, these are called "ranges". The Southern Range in the south and the
Central Range in the middle reach heights of almost 300 meters. The Northern
Range, overgrown by dense rainforest and mountain forest, rises much higher,
with the highest mountain in the country at 940 meters: the Cerro del
Aripo. The foothills of the Northern Range reach the coast, so the northern
coastal area is steep and rocky.
The wooded mountain ranges of the Main Ridge on Tobago, which run parallel
to the northwest coast, take up almost two thirds of the island and reach
average heights of 400 to 500 meters.
As an island state, Trinidad and Tobago has no direct borders with other
countries, but is only 15 km from the coast of Venezuela.
The two islands of the island state of Trinidad & Tobago cover a coastline of
around 365 km.
Tidal range in Port of Spain
In Port of Spain the mean tidal range is around 1.50 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 meters, and at spring tide even over 20 meters. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between one and three meters. In the
western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 meters, while
it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Trinidad & Tobago extends over the following geographical latitude
(abbreviation Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 10 ° to 12 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 60 ° to 62 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
Time of the country
In Trinidad and Tobago there is a five-hour time difference to Central
European time, during our summer time there are six hours, as there is no
difference between winter and summer time in Trinidad & Tobago.
|Δt (CET) = - 5 h
in summer - 6 h
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest sun in Port of Spain
Port of Spain lies at a north latitude of around 10.5 ° and thus within the
If the declination of the sun has a value of 10 ° 30 'N, and thus the image
point of the sun is over Port of Spain, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 41 after March 21 and 41 before September
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Port of Spain, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but
in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where it
The El Cerro del Aripo (941m) is the highest peak of the
mountain range Northern Range.
The Pigeon Hill (572 m) is the highest peak of the mountain
range The Main Ridge.
Not a single waterway in Trinidad is longer than 25 km, and none of them are
The longest and widest, which include the Oropuche
River, Couva River, and Caroni
River, flow into the Gulf of Paria. The Northern Range is the
watershed in the north of the island of Trinidad; all rivers that have their
source here flow into the Caribbean Sea.
There are no natural lakes in Trinidad, only those that were created by
artificial dams to supply the islands with water.
These are the Caroni Area Dam, the Navet Dam and
the small lake Hollis Reservoir in the mountains of the