Tuvalu Population and capital
Countryaah website, Tuvalu has around 11,500 residents.
The population is made up as follows: Tuvaluans (Polynesians)
91.2%; mixed (Polynesians/Micronesians/other) 7.2%; Europeans 1% and others
affiliation Religious affiliation is distributed as follows: Church of
Tuvalu (Congregationalists) 97%, Seventh-day Adventists 1.4%, Baha'i 1% and
Tuvaluan and English
The capital of Tuvalu is Viaku on the island of Funafati with a population of
around 5,000. That makes up about half of the total population.
Tuvalu: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, it should be mentioned that Tuvalu was called "Ellice Land" until its
independence on October 1st, 1978.
Tuvalu covers an area of only around 26 km². The water surface, on the other
hand, covers an area of around 1.3 million km². These are distributed over
nine coral atolls, which only rise slightly above sea level. Tuvalu consists of
the following new coral atolls:
- Funafuti, with a size of 2.8 km2 and
approx. 4,500 residents. The seat of government of the mini-state, which
has been independent since October 1, 1978, is located in Vaiaku
- Nanumanga, with a size of 2.8 km2 and
about 650 residents
- Nanumea, with a size of 3.9 km2 and about
- Niutao, with a size of 2.6 km2 and about
- Nui, with a size of 2.9 km2 and about 600
- Nukufetau, with a size of 3.0 km2 and
approx. 750 residents
- Nukulaelae, with a size of 1.9 km2 and
about 360 residents
- Niulakita, with a size of 0.5 km2 and
about 100 residents
- Vaitupu, with a size of 0.5 km2 and about
As a result of climate changes, around 70% of the corals have now been
destroyed. However, the coral reefs form a natural breakwater in front of the
islands, the complete disappearance of which would have catastrophic
consequences for the islands. The people of Tuvalu now fear that the land will
disappear into the sea in the not too distant future. The islands of Tuvalu
understandably have no national borders with other countries. The islands of
Tuvalu have a coast to the Pacific Ocean with a length of around 25 km. On the
islands of Tuvalu, the mean tidal range is less than 1 m.
Longitude and latitude
Tuvalu extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 05 ° 30 'to 11 ° 00' south latitude
Δλ = from 176 ° to 180 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Tuvalu, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun on Funafuti
Viaku, the capital of the country on the island of Funafuti, is located at a
southern latitude of around φ = 08 ° 30´ S.
If the sun or its image point is exactly above the city or the island, i.e. at
08 ° 30´ S, the sun is exactly perpendicular over the city. This happens twice
a year, roughly one month before March 21st and one month after September 21st.
The highest point in the country is only around 5 m high.
There is a small freshwater pond on Nanumea Atoll, which is quite unusual for
a coral atoll. But this freshwater reservoir is endangered by the ingress of
Tuvalu borders the Pacific Ocean with a total coast length of 25 km - to be
more precise, Tuvalu lies in the South Pacific, the so-called South
Pacific. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the Polynesian Islands as
well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.