Yemen: population, cities
Countryaah website, Yemen has around 25 million residents.
Almost exclusively Arabs and a small minority of Europeans and Indians live in
Islam is the state religion in Yemen. About 99% of Yemenis are Muslim. About two
thirds of them are Sunnis and one third are Shiites.
An insignificant number of about 0.1% profess Christianity
The national language in Yemen is Arabic.
Capital, other cities
The capital of Yemen is Sana'a with around 2.6 million
residents. Other cities are:
- Aden with approx. 740,000 residents
- Taiz with approx. 595,000 residents
Area and land use
Defined by DigoPaul, Yemen can be divided geographically into the coastal plain on the Red Sea and
the Gulf of Aden, into a mountainous highlands in the west and a plateau in the
The Tihama plain, a 40-70 m wide lowland strip, stretches along the coast of the
In the west rises a mountainous country, usually up to 2,500 m high. This is
also where the country's highest mountain, the Nabi Schuayb, lies at
a height of 3,660 m.
The plateau in the east of Yemen rises to 2,185 m. The Rub al-Chali, the great
Arabian desert, extends to the north.
Yemen covers an area of 537,000 km².
Only about 1% of the country is forested.
- Arable land and fields
In North Yemen approx. 3 million hectares = 30,000 km² are agriculturally
usable, in South Yemen only about 0.6% of the land area can be built on.
In the west of the country there is a mountainous country that stretches
from southern Yemen to the northern, Saudi-Arabian border.
The border between Yemen and its neighboring countries is 1,746 km.
To Oman 288 km
To Saudi Arabia 1,458.
Yemen has a sea coast with a length of around 1,900 km.
In Aden, the mean tidal range is around 0.8 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western
Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Yemen extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 12 ° 47 'to 18 ° 37' north latitude
Δλ = from 42 ° 40 'to 52 ° 58' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
The time in Yemen is ahead of the European time.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Sana'a
Sana'a, the capital of Yemen, is located at a northern latitude of around φ =
15.5 ° and thus in the tropics.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 15 ° 30 'N, and so the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 31 days before June 21st and then again 31
days after June 21st.
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Sana'a, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain is the Nabi Schuayb with a height of 3,660 m.
Smaller rivers can only be found in the west and south of Yemen. They usually
dry up before they have reached the coast. In addition, they do not have
constant water and are often dried out.
The following islands are in front of the country or belong to the state
- Socotra with an area of 3,600 km²
- Cal Farum
Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Red Sea
Yemen is located in the south on the Gulf of Aden and - to a small extent -
on the Arabian Sea and in the west on the Red Sea.