Argentina: population, cities
Countryaah website, Argentina has around 45 million residents.
90% Europeans (including descendants of immigrants from Italy with 36%, and
Spain with 29%) as well as 3% mestizos and approx. 35,000 Indians.
90% Catholics, the rest are minorities from Protestant, Jewish and
Spanish (official language), Italian, English
Capital, other cities
The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, with around 3 million residents.
Other cities are:
- Cordoba with around 1.5 million residents
- Rosarío with around 895,000 residents
- Morón with around 642,000 residents
- Lomas de Zamora with around 573,000 residents
- La Plata with around 521,000 residents
Argentina: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul,
Argentina borders the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Brazil and Uruguay to the
northeast, Chile to the west and Bolivia and Paraguay to the north. The country
covers a total area of 2,780,400 km².
Around 22% of the country is forested.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 13% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
In addition to Argentina, there are also extensive pampas in Uruguay and
Brazil. The pampa is a grass steppe in the southwest of South America. In
the pampas of Argentina, mainly cattle is raised. Argentina's beef is
considered a delicacy in Europe too.
- Fields and fields
Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing soy, maize and grain.
Argentina has a common border with a total of five countries:
- Chile with a length of around 5,150 km
- Paraguay with a length of around 1,880 km
- Brazil with a length of around 1,225 km
- Bolivia with a length of around 830 km
- Uruguay with a length of around 580 km.
Argentina has a coast to the Atlantic Ocean with a length of around 4,970 km.
Tidal range in Rio Grande Entrance and Buenos Aires
In Rio Grande Entrance the mean tidal range is around 6.3 m.
In Buenos Aires, however, the mean tidal range is only around 0.9 m.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in Canada,
where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of Fundy is
located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova
Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is Halifax.
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western
Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Argentina extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 21 ° 46 'S to 56 ° 13' S
Δλ = from 056 ° 17 'W to 073 ° 29' W.
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Argentina, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there,
a plus sign that it is later than CET.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires is located at a southern latitude of around φ = 35 °. If the sun
is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = -23.5 °, summer starts in Buenos Aires, this is
December 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to
Eq. 1 (see position of the sun).
- 35 ° = - (90 ° - h) + - 23.5 °
At 78.5 °, the sun in Buenos Aires has the highest level of the entire year
above the horizon (more precisely: above the horizon).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Buenos Aires, and this is the case in Buenos Aires all year round,
the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the north. In
this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us, it sets.
The Argentine Pampas
The landscape of a pampa is generally understood to be a grass steppe in
southeastern South America - on the Río de la Plata. The pampas are bordered in
the west by the Andes and in the east by the Atlantic. In the north it merges
into the dry forests and thorn bush savannah of the Chaco. The pampas especially
extend over Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay and Brazil.
The pampas in the east receive relatively regular rainfall throughout the year,
while the western pampas tend to be dry and low in precipitation. The pampas owe
their fertile soil to the abundant loess here. Pampas Typical of the pampas is
the extensive occurrence of loess, which has contributed significantly to the
fertile soils of the pampas. Since the eastern parts of the pampas are
relatively close to the sea, the temperature differences between day and night
as well as summer and winter are not very pronounced. The parts further to the
west, on the other hand, already come into the area of the continental climate
with hot summers and cold winters. In Argentina it is one of the most important
agricultural areas in which the world-famous and popular Argentinian cattle live
and are bred.
The highest mountain in the country is the Aconcagua with a height of 6,960 m,
it is also the highest mountain on the continent. The first ascent was made in
1897 by the Swiss mountaineer Matthias Zurbriggen (1856-1917). Every year around
6,000 people attempt to climb the summit, but only around 1,000 of them are
successful. The base camp at an altitude of over 4,000 m even has a small
infirmary. Up to 400 people stay there to acclimatise to the altitude before
Ojos del Salado, Monte Pissis
Argentina also has the two highest volcanoes on earth, the Ojos del
Salado - on the border with Chile - with a height of 6,893 m and the Monte
Pissis with a height of 6,795 m. Both mountains were climbed for the first time
in 1937 by the two Poles Justyn Wojsznis and Jan Szczepanski. At Easter 2010,
the German Frank Husemann was the first to ride a mountain bike to the summit of
Ojos del Salado.
Other high mountains in the country are:
- Bonete, with a height of 6,872 m
- Tupungato, with an altitude of 6,800 m
- Mercedario, with an altitude of 6,770 m
- Llullaillaco, with an altitude of 6,723 m
- El Libertador, with an altitude of 6,720 m
- Cachi, with a height of 6,720 m
- Incahuasi, with an altitude of 6,620 m
- Galan, with an altitude of 6,600 m
- El Muerto, with an altitude of 6,542 m
- Nacimiento, with an altitude of 6,493 m
- Laudo, with an altitude of 6,400 m
- Toro, with an altitude of 6,380 m
- Tres Cruces, with an altitude of 6,356 m
- Tortolas, with a height of 6,323 m
- El Cóndor, with an altitude of 6,300 m
The longest river in the country is the Rio Paraná with a length of
around 4,000 km - together with the Río de la Plata of 4,290 km. The river The
Paraná is 3,998 kilometers, of which about 500 km are in Argentina.
The Paraná is created by the confluence of the Paranaíba and the Rio Grande in
the Ilha Solteira reservoir in Brazil. Before it flows into the Atlantic, the
river, together with the Río Uruguay, forms the 290 km long Río de la Plata on
the border with Paraguay. The natural course of the Rio Paraná is impaired by
numerous reservoirs, for example the following reservoirs in Argentina:
Pati reservoir with a water volume of 38 km³
Chapetón reservoir north of Santa Fe with a water volume of 60.6 km³
Yacyretá reservoir, near the city of Corrientes at the Apipé waterfalls, with a
water volume of 21 km³.
Other rivers in the country are:
- The Paraguay with a length of around 2,550 km
- The Pilcomayo with a length of around 2,500 km
- The iguacu with a length of around 1,300 km
- The Bermejo with a length of around 1,064 km
- The Uruguay with a length of around 1,593 km
- The Río de la Plata is the confluence of the confluence
of the Rio Uruguay and the Rio Paraná
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes. The largest
lake is the Mar Chiquita salt lake with no outflow and an area of around 1,850
km². The lake is the second largest lake in South America after Lake
Titicaca. The lake is located in the northern part in the middle of the country
- in the province of Cordoba.
Other larger lakes are:
- The Argentino with an area of 1,415 km²
- The Viedma with an area of 1,088 km²
- The L. Buenos Aires with an area of 881 km²
- The Colhue Huapi with an area of 803 km²
The two lakes Lago Argentino and Lago Viedma are
located in the "Los Glaciares" nature reserve. This park is a UNESCO World
Islands, Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego) lies in front of the country in the south
and Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands as well as South
Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands for itself.
del Fuego Tierra del Fuego is a group of
islands that is separated from the American continent by the Strait of Magellan
and extends to the Beagle Channel in the south.
The entire archipelago covers a land area of 73,746 km² - the main island of
which is 47,000 km².
In 1881 the archipelago was divided between Argentina and Chile.
The eastern part of Argentina is the province of Tierra del Fuego with an area
of 21,051 km² and around 150,000 residents.
The western Chilean part are the Magallanes. The region got its name because of
the numerous fires of the Indians on the Strait of Magellan.
This is where the Magellan penguin lives and digs holes up to 2 m deep in the
rock-hard frozen ground to raise its offspring.
Islas Orcadas, Southern Orkney Islands
The Islas Orcadas archipelago, the Southern Orkney Islands, is located
in the Drake Strait and is subject to the Antarctic Treaty and therefore does
not belong to any country under constitutional law.
The largest island in the group is Coronación (Coronation Island) with an area
of 457 km², on which a weather station operated by Argentina is located. Well
known is Laurie Island with an area of 50 km², on which the ORCADAS research
station, maintained and permanently inhabited by the Argentine military, is
located. The archipelago covers an area of around 620 km². Its distance to the
southeast tip of Tierra del Fuego is around 1,320 km in a north-westerly
Isla de los Estados
The Isla de los Estados - State Island - is an approximately 530 km² large
uninhabited island in the southeast of Tierra del Fuego. Its shortest distance
from Tierra del Fuego is about 30 km in an easterly direction. Unsurprisingly,
the island belongs to the province of Tierra del Fuego (Tierra del Fuego). It is
separated from Tierra del Fuego by Le Maire Street (Estrecho de Le Maire).
Isla Trinidad, Isla Bermejo, Isla Anadna
The island of Trinidad in the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires
- about 45 km south-southeast of the city of Bahía Blanca - covers
an area of around 207 km. Just a few kilometers north of it is the somewhat
smaller Isla Bermejo and a little to the south the smallest of the three, Isla
There are a total of three ways to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific in
the south of the American continent. It is the Strait of Magellan belonging to
Chile, the Beagle Canal or around Cape Horn belonging to Chile on the so-called
The Beagle Channel is a natural waterway that forms part of the border between
Argentina and Chile. It is south of Tierra del Fuego. Ushuaia (approx. 64,000
residents), the southernmost city in Argentina, is on the waterway. The canal
is around 235 km in length from the Argentine island of Isla Nuova to the
Chilean island of Isla Olga, and is named after the British sailor "HMS Beagle",
who undertook survey trips on behalf of the Royal Navy Charles Darwin took part
in the ship's second expedition from 1831 to 1836.
Argentina borders the Atlantic Ocean in the east of the country for around