Cameroon: population and cities
Countryaah website, Cameroon has about 25 million residents. The region around the capital
Yaoundé, the grasslands of the Bamileke and the coastal province near the port
city of Douala are most densely populated. If you compare the middle of Cameroon
with these regions, however, it is almost deserted.
The population of Cameroon is made up of over 200 different ethnic groups. These
include Bantu tribes (including Douala, Pangwe-Fang and Bassa), who mainly live
in the north of the country, in the west Semibantu (such as Bamileke, Bamum,
Tikar) and Adamawa, Sudan peoples (Massa, Mundang) as well as Fulbe and Hausa in
the north and in the center of the country. Several thousand pygmies inhabit the
southern rainforest of Cameroon. There is also a European minority, which
consists mainly of French and a few English.
Approximately 25% of the population of Cameroon are Catholics, 25%
Protestants, 30% are followers of natural religions and about 20%, mainly in the
north of the country, are Muslims.
The official languages are English and French. The colloquial languages used
are African languages such as Bantu, Semibantu and others, as well as Weskos,
an English-based Creole language.
The country is divided between the urban and rural population, but especially
between the Anglophone minority in the west of the country and the Francophone
majority. The capital Yaounde, for example, is clearly frankofon. It goes so far
that the Anglophone minority advocates its own state and violent clashes occur
again and again.
Capital and other cities
Bamenda has about 350,000 residents. It is located in the northwest of the
country and is the largest Cameroonian city of the English-speaking
minority. Bamenda continues to be an important commercial, university and
transport city. The many buildings that are still children of the German
colonial era are interesting for tourists. One of them is the fortress of
Bamenda, which towers over the city.
Douala is the most populous city in the country with around 2.5 million
residents and the financial, industrial, commercial and cultural center of the
country. The city is located on the Atlantic Ocean and has the largest and most
important port in Cameroon. Douala is a melting pot of diverse ethnic groups, as
Douala International Airport is where most travelers set foot on Cameroonian
soil for the first time. The city offers a whole range of sights. These include
the former governor's building, the neo-Romanesque cathedral, the Palace of
Justice and the city museum.
About 290,000 people live in Garoua. This is also where Ahmadou Ahidjo, the
first president of Cameroon, was born. He had contributed a lot to the
development of his hometown during his reign (1960-1982). But Garoua is also a
center of inland shipping. The city has an international airport and is an
important factor in the trade in the north of Cameroon.
Yaoundé (German Yaoundé)
Cameroon's capital Yaoundé has around 2 million residents and is the most
densely populated area in the country. It was built on hills around the Mfoundi
River. The two mountains Mont Mbankolo and Mont Fébé rise in the western urban
area. Yaoundé continues to be surrounded by tropical jungle. The city is an
important transport hub in Cameroon and the industrial center of the tobacco,
milk, glass, clay and wood industries.
Cameroon: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Cameroon is located on the west coast of Central Africa on the Gulf of
Guinea, part of the Atlantic Ocean. The length of its coast to the gulf is
around 400 km.
The country covers a total area of 475,442 km². The country is considered to
be a kind of "Africa miniature", as you can find savannah, desert, jungle,
mountains and scrubland:
Around 50% of the country is forest and scrubland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 18% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 15% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing cocoa, coffee, bananas and cotton.
- Savannah and desert
The north of the country is a flat and dry plain that forms a savannah. Only
bushes and grasses grow here with a few trees in between. In the far north
lies a desert. In addition to Chad, Nigeria and Niger, Cameroon has a
smaller share of Lake Chad, which used to be around 22,000 km², but has
since shrunk considerably. The north of the country is bordered in the south
by the Adamaua highlands up to 2,710 m high.
Cameroon shares a border with the following six states.
- Equatorial Guinea with a length of 189 km
- Gabon with a length of 298 km
- Republic of the Congo with a length of 523 km
- Nigeria with a length of 1,690 km
- Chad with a length of 1,094 km
- Central Africa with a length of 797 km.
Longitude and latitude
Cameroon extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from around 2 ° to 13 ° north latitude
Δλ = from around 008 ° to 016 ° east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Cameroon, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Yaoundé
The capital Yaoundé is located at a north latitude of around
φ = 04 °. If the declination δ of the sun has the value 04 ° North, and thus the
image point of the sun is above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 15 days after March 21 and 15 days before
September 21 (for details see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination is north of the latitude
of Yaoundé, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes, but in the
north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where, like us,
The highest mountain in the country is the Cameroon Mountain (Fako)
with a height of 4,070 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Mount Oku with a height of 3,011 m
- Mount Bambouto with a height of 2,740 m
The longest river in the country is the Sanaga with a length
of 918 km. Other rivers in the country are the Nyong, the Ntesu and
The country includes several smaller and larger lakes. The largest of them
is Lake Chad with an average area of 20,700 km². (Since the
water level varies, the area is between 10,000 and 25,000 km².). Other lakes
- Lagdo Reservoir
- Mbakaou Lake
Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic
Cameroon borders in the west and south-west of the country with a length of
around 400 km on the Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic. Here
Cameroon has an important shipping connection with the port in Douala. From
here, for example, goods and goods are delivered to Chad and the Central African
A detailed description of these seas can be found at Goruma under the following
- Atlantic Ocean
- Gulf of Guinea