Greenland: population, cities
Countryaah website, Greenland has about 57,000 residents, of which about 47,000 live in cities and
10,000 in small settlements.
88% Inuit (Eskimos)
Evangelical Lutheran, Shamanism
Greenlandic (Kalaallisut), Danish
Capital, other cities
The capital of Greenland is Nuuk, the former
Godthåb, with a population of around 15,000.
Other cities are:
- Qaanaa, the legendary Thule, it is one of the
northernmost settlements in the world with 650 residents.
- Sisimiut, the former Holsteinsborg, is the
second largest city in Greenland with around 5,100 residents.
Greenland: map, geography
Defined by DigoPaul, Greenland lies between the Northwest Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean, not far
from the Canadian part of the Arctic, Ellesmere Island and Baffin Island. It is
the largest island in the world. The northernmost point of Greenland, Cape
Morris Jesup, is only 740 km from the North Pole, its coordinates are: 83 ° 37
'north latitude and 30 ° west longitude. Only the small coffee club island is
further to the north. The southernmost point of Greenland, Cape Farewell, is at
the same latitude as Oslo.
The country's natural resources are zinc, lead, iron ore, gold, platinum,
uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, and oil and gas.
Regions of Greenland
Greenland can be roughly divided into four regions:
First, the southwest coast, also known as Sineriak
Bananeqarfik or Banana Coast. The climate here is the mildest. The area is the
Other regions are the north coast, the east
coast and Disco Bay.
Area, mainland ice
Greenland covers a total area of 2,175,600 km².
- Ice armor
Around 1.7 million km2of Greenland is covered with ice, that is
around 78% of the island's area. The average thickness of this ice sheet is
2,000 m - with maximum values up to 3,000 m.
The Greenland Ice Shelf only covers an area of a few thousand km², while
the Antarctic is around 1.5 million km².
In the west of Greenland, where the Gulf Stream moderates the climate, there
is an approx. 150 km wide strip of tundravegetation
that decreases towards the north.
The northernmost headland in the world is on Greenland.
Borders, length of coastline, Hans Island
As an island, Greenland has only sea borders and no land borders.
Greenland has a sea coast with a length of around 44,087 km.
The Hans Island is a small, uninhabited and vegetation-free island with an area
of around 1.25 km². Denmark and Canada claim ownership of the island.
To document this, both countries have deposited a national flag and a bottle
with local spirits on the island.
The island lies in the middle of the Kennedy Channel, part of the Nares Strait
that stretches between Canada's Ellesmere Island and northern Greenland.
The distance to the Greenland coast is around 16.5 km and to the coast of the
Canadian island of Ellesmere near Cape Back around 17.5 km.
In addition to Hans Island, there are Franklin Island and Crozier Island in the
Kennedy Canal, which undoubtedly belong to Greenland and therefore to Denmark
The different poles
Geographic North Pole
When one speaks of the North Pole, colloquially one usually means the geographic
North Pole. It is exactly 90 degrees north on the earth's axis. It defines the
northernmost point on earth. It lies in the ice in the middle of the Arctic
Magnetic North Pole
The Magnetic North Pole is 78 ° 18 'North, 104 ° West (as of 2003). This place
is not static, it moves. It is defined by the fact that the magnetic field lines
of the earth hit the earth's surface perpendicularly at this point. It is
currently in Canada near Ellef Ringnes Island. It is where a compass needle
Geomagnetic North Pole
The geomagnetic pole is a theoretically calculated
location. An imaginary bar magnet is placed through the center of the earth. The
magnet is placed in such a way that the creation of approx. 90% of the earth's
magnetic fields can be explained with its help. This imaginary bar magnet is
currently inclined by around 11 ° to the earth's axis going from the north pole
to the south pole. The two imaginary points of penetration of this bar magnet
through the earth's surface are the geomagnetic north and south poles. The
geomagnetic North Pole was in 2004 at 78 ° 30 'North and 69 ° West, so it is on
Greenland, not far from Thule. Its position, like that of the magnetic north
pole, changes steadily over time.
Pole of inaccessibility
The (north) pole of inaccessibility is the point in the Arctic that is furthest
away from all coasts. It is located at 84 ° 03 'North and 174 ° 51' West, about
660 km from the geographic North Pole. He is on ice with no land below.
Longitude and latitude
Greenland extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ)
and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 59 ° 45 'to 83 ° 20' north latitude
Δλ = from around 13 ° to 73 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude
Time in Greenland
For Greenland, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A minus
sign means that it is earlier there and a plus sign that it is later than after
|Δt (CET) = - 4 h (east coast) and - 5 h (west coast)
From the beginning of April to the end of October summer time + 1 h
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time
Highs of the sun
For more information on the position of the sun at the North Pole and the
position of the sun at the Arctic Circle, see Sun position.
The highest mountain in the country is Gunnbjørns Fjeld in
the east of the island with a height of 3,733 m.
Other high mountains are:
- Illerfuisalikwith an altitude of 1,850 m
- Naparutaqwith a height of 2,211 m
- Quingaqwith a height of 1,616 m
Rivers, ice rivers
Due to the icy climate, Greenland has only small rivers. However,
the country is criss-crossed with long fjords at its edges, which absorb the
breaking glacier masses.
The Scoresby Sound, Nordvesrtfjord is with a length of
approx. 300 km and an area of 13,400 km² the largest in the world.
There are also under the ice flows on which the ice then slides into the
ocean. These rivers come about when the ice melts on its surface in summer and
forms lakes. The water of these lakes then sinks over crevasses to the bottom of
the ice to the rocky subsoil of the island. The warmer it gets, the more water
is created for such rivers and the faster the ice "flows" into the sea.
Islands around Greenland
The following islands belong to Greenland
- Disko Island, the largest island with an area of
- Nanortalik Island
- Asuk Island, the place of the same name on the
island, was the richest village in the world for a short time after the per
capita income during the halibut boom in the 1970s.
- Hans Island, Canada and Greenland and Denmark
have been fighting over the island since the 1970s. For more details see
Northernmost islands in the world
- Kaffeklubben Islandis located at a longitude and
latitude of 83 ° 40'N and 29 ° 50'W. This small island about 1,000 m long is
located on the northern tip of Greenland.
- Oodaaqis located at the geographical longitude
and latitude of approx. 83 ° 40'N and 30 ° 40'W, approx. 600 km south of the
North Pole very close to the Kaffeeklubben Island. It is questionable,
however, whether this bank made of gravel and coal can even be regarded as a