Guyana: population, cities
Countryaah website, the population of Guyana is 780,000.
52% Indian descent, 30% African, 10% mulatto and mestizo.
25% Roman Catholic, 8% Muslim and 30% Hindi and 28% Protestant communities. Of
these, the Anglicans are the largest religious community. The Protestant sect of
James Warren Jones achieved sad fame after the mass suicide of its members in
1978, killing hundreds.
English, Creole on an English basis similar to the Caribbean, Hindi, Urdu and
Capital, other cities
The capital of Guyana is Georgetown, with a population of
Other cities are:
Linden with around 35,000 residents and New Amsterdam with
around 25,000 residents.
Guyana: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Guyana is located on the northeast coast of South America and
borders Brazil in the south, Venezuela in the west, Suriname in the east and
the Atlantic Ocean in the north. The country is bordering the Caribbean. It is
a member of Caricom, the "Caribbian Comunity", a political association of the
countries and island states of the Caribbean.
Area, landforms and national borders
Guyana covers a total area of 214,969 km².
Around 76% of the country is covered by dense rainforest.
- Meadow/pasture land
Around 6% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 2% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
Around 8.4% of the country are water or swamp areas.
The lowland, which is up to 5 meters below sea level, formed from
alluvial land, is 70 kilometers wide on the coast and is protected from flooding
by dams. The adjacent part of the country is a flat hill country that rises up
to 150 m high. Two thirds of the land area is taken up by the highlands.
Guyana shares a border with a total of three countries:
- Brazil with a length of around 1,208 km
- Suriname with a length of around 726 km
- Venezuela with a length of around 650 km. The entire
area west of the Rio Esquibo is claimed by Venezuela. The southern border on
the Corentyne River with Suriname is also not recognized by the neighboring
Guyana has a coast to the Atlantic with a length of around 660 km.
On the coast there are a number of impressive lagoons that are 39 to 181 km²
The major rivers are navigable for around 1,250 km. The exploitation of oil
reserves on the coast is in conflict with Suriname, which rejects Guyanese
rights to maritime and air sovereignty in the area.
In Guyana, the mean tidal range is around 1.70 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy
in Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay
of Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New
Brunswick and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose
capital is Halifax.
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m.
In the western Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m,
while it is barely noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Guyana extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 02 ° to 08 ° south latitude
Δλ = from 57 ° to 62 ° west longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under: Geographical
longitude and latitude.
For Guyana, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there and a
plus sign that it is later than after CET:
More detailed explanations of the time can be found under: Time zones, time.
The highest point of the sun in Georgetown
Georgetown, the capital of the country, lies at a north
latitude of around φ = 07 °. If the sun or its image point is exactly above the
city, i.e. at 07 ° N, the sun is exactly vertically above the city. This happens
exactly twice a year, roughly 26 days after March 21st and 26 days before
September 21st (for details see position of the sun).
The highest mountain in the country is the Roraimamit a height of 2,810
Other high mountains are:
- Ayanganna at 2,042 meters
- Makaradan with a height of 934 meters
The longest river in the country is the Essequibo with a length of
around 1,010 km.
Other rivers in the country are:
All four rivers flow into the Atlantic.
The land called "Land of the Waters" has major drainage and irrigation
problems. The rivers, which swell rapidly in the rainy season, interrupt the
country's east-west connections. Bridge building and dam construction are
expensive, so the lack of drainage is also an economic problem.
The road and rail network is not very large and is almost limited to the
coastal region. The dams on the lake protect the populated areas. This system
dates back to the 18th and 19th centuries during the time of Dutch and English
The small group of islands of the Essequibo Islands in the estuary of
the Essequibo are the largest islands in the country. Some oil rigs in
the Atlantic were occupied by Surinamese troops during the foreign policy crisis
Guyana borders the Atlantic. With an area of around 106 million km², the
Atlantic is the second largest ocean after the Pacific Ocean.