Malawi: population and cities
Countryaah website, Malawi has around 19 million residents. Malawi is one of the poorest countries
in the world. In 2002 and 2005 it was also hit by drought disasters. In
addition, almost a quarter of the country's population is now considered to be
infected with HIV.
The population of Malawi is mainly composed of Bantu ethnic groups (Chichewa,
Nyanja, Lomwe, Yao, Sena, etc.). A small minority of Indian descent also live in
affiliation About 82% of the country's residents are Christians (predominantly
Presbyterians, Catholics and Anglicans), 11% Muslims and 7% followers of
traditional religions. The number of Jehovah's Witnesses persecuted during the
Banda regime for their strict partisan neutrality has now grown to almost
English is the official and business language in
Malawi. The decreed national language of the country is Chichewa and is spoken
by about 60% of the population. Other Bantu languages such as Chiyanja,
Chiyao, Chitumbuka (mainly in the north of the country), Lomwe and Sena are also
used as colloquial languages.
Capital and other cities
Blantyre (also Blantyre-Limbe)
In 1895 what is now Malawian Blantyre was founded as the first city in Central
Africa. It was named after the Scottish town of the same name, where the famous
missionary David Livingstone was born. About 750,000 people currently live in
the ever-growing city in the Shire Highlands. Together with its sister city
Limbe, Blantyre is the largest city in Malawi. One of the main attractions in
this vibrant economic center with its numerous Malawian and international
companies is the Presidential Palace.
spreads out at an altitude of 1,200 m, a city inhabited by around 45,600 people,
which also serves as the gateway to the Kasungu National Park, only 20
kilometers away. The only school for the blind in Malawi is operated in Kasungu,
the capital of the district of the same name, run by the Christoffel Mission for
Lilongwe is Malawi's capital, a city that was largely created on the drawing
board, is inhabited by around 1.1 million people and is growing very quickly
with wide boulevards, spread over large areas and often only accessible by
car. The city is poor in terms of sights and is partly framed by dense
rainforest and protea bushes. Close to the city, the Salanjama area is a
veritable paradise for birds and ornithologists.
The also called Mangoche, quite quiet town with about 42,500 residents on the
Shire River and at an altitude of 480 meters. For many travelers, the city is
the starting point for Lake Malawi. It houses the Lake Malawi Museum, which is
well worth seeing, and is not far from the Mangochi Forest Reserve. The
interesting places Monkey Bay and Cape MacLear are also close to the city.
About 129,000 people live in Mzuzu, the capital of the Malawian Northern
Region. The third largest city in the country is an important transshipment area
for regional agriculture, which produces coffee, tea, tobacco, cotton and
macadamia in particular. Mzuzu has had its own university since 1997. The city
is also the starting point for hiking tours to the Viphya Forest and the Viphya
Malawi's fourth largest city extends at the foot of the Zomba Plateau. Around
100,000 people live in the country's former capital, founded in the 1880s. In
addition to many government institutions, Zomba is home to the headquarters of
the University of Malawi.
Malawi: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Malawi is located in East Africa west of Lake Malawi, which takes up a large
part of the country's area. For the most part, it lies within the East African
rift valley and therefore consists mainly of plateaus. The land has no access to
the sea and covers an area of 118,480 km². Thereof:
Around 31% of the country are forest and bushland.
- Meadow and pasture land
Around 15% of the land is used as meadow or pasture land.
- Fields and fields
Around 25% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing tobacco, sugar cane, tea and maize.
Malawi borders the following three countries:
- Mozambique with a border length of 1,569 km,
- Tanzania with a border length of 475 km and
- Zambia with a border length of 837 km.
Longitude and latitude of Malawi
Malawi extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 9 ° to 17 ° 10 'southern latitude
Δλ = 032 ° 40' to 036 ° eastern longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Malawi, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET),
i.e. the time (without summer time) in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. A
minus sign means that it is earlier there, a plus sign that it is later than
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
The highest point of the sun in Lilongwe
Lilongwe lies at a southern latitude of around φ = 14 South °.
If the declination δ of the sun has the value of 14 ° south and thus the image
point of the sun is exactly above the city, the sun is perpendicular there. This
happens exactly twice a year, roughly 37 days before December 21st and 37 days
after December 21st (for details see position of the sun).
If the image point of the sun and thus the declination δ is north of the
latitude of Lilongwe, the sun is not in the south at noon, as in our latitudes,
but in the north. In this case, the sun moves from east to north to west, where,
like us, it sets.
The highest mountain in Malawi is Mulanje (Sapitwa) with a height of 3,001
m. Other high mountains are the Nyika with a height of
2,670 m and the Chimaliro with a height of 2,058 m.
The longest river in the country is the Shire with a length of about 400 km. It
flows through the Malombesee.
Other rivers in Malawi are Lilongwe, Songwe,
Rukuru and Bua.
The country includes numerous smaller and larger lakes.
The largest lake is Lake Malawi (formerly Nyassa Lake) with an area of around
29,600 km² - at a maximum depth of around 700 m. After Lake Tanganyika and Lake
Victoria, it is the third largest lake in Africa. In addition to Malawi,
Tanzania and Mozambique are also located on this lake. There are several smaller
islands in Lake Malawi, the largest of which are Likuma and Chisumulti. Other
larger lakes in Malawi are:
- Lake Chilwa, with an area of about 600 km² and a
depth between about 1 to 2 m. However, the area of the lake changes
significantly depending on the rainfall.
- Lake Malombe, with an area of about 450km², but the
area also changes with the amount of precipitation. The lake is basically a
great extension of the Shire River.