New Caledonia: Population and Cities
According to Countryaah
website, New Caledonia has about 250,000 residents.
- 42.5% Melanesians,
- 37% Europeans,
- 8.5% Islanders from the island of Wallis,
- 3.4% Poynesians,
- 3.5% Indonesians,
- 1.5% Vietnamese,
- 3% others
Roman Catholic are around 60% of the faithful, Protestants around 30% and others
The official language is French. English and 33 Kanak dialects are also spoken,
which are a mixture of Polynesian, French and English.
Capital, other cities
The capital of New Caledonia is Noumea on the main island
of Grand Terre, with a population of around 100,000.
Other cities are:
Bourail with around 4,600 residents
Koné with around 4,000 residents.
New Caledonia: Geography and Map
Area and land use
Defined by DigoPaul, New Caledonia covers an area of 19,060 km². Of this, 18,575 km² are land
and 485 km² are water.
The main island of Grand Terre is 400 km long and 30 km wide. The Chain Centrale
mountain range, in which the two highest mountains on the island lie, runs from
north to south. It divides the island into the wet east coast and the drier west
coast. The east coast is fertile, overgrown with tropical greenery and exposed
to the prevailing easterly winds. The niauli tree can be found on the dry west
coast. Livestock is farmed here.
Around the main islands there is a 1,600 km long coral reef with an average
depth of 40 m. New Caledonia is the largest lagoon in the world.
The islands of the state
New Caledonia consists of the main island Grand Terre, with an area of
16,350 km², the Ile des Pins, with an area of 152 km² and the Loyalty
Islands, which include the islands Lifou with 1,146 km², Maré with 657 km² and
Ouvéa with 132 km² belong together. Then there are the Iles Belep with an area
of 70 km².
Longitude and latitude
New Caledonia extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation
Δφ) and geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from about 19 ° south to 23 ° south
Δλ = from about 158 ° east to 172 ° east
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For New Caledonia, the following value applies to Central European Time
(CET), i.e. the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier
there, a plus sign that it is later than CET:
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in New Caledonia
New Caledonia lies on a southern latitude between around φ = 19 ° and φ = 23
° and is therefore completely in the tropics. If the sun or its image point is
located at a southern latitude of, for example, δ = 23 °, the sun is exactly
perpendicular over this area. This happens twice a year, around two days before
December 21 and around two days after December 21. (see position of the sun).
The highest mountain in the country is Mont Panié in the north of the main
island, with a height of 1,628 m.
Another almost equally high mountain is Mont Humbold with a height of 1,618 m,
it is located in the south of the main island.
rivers and lakes
The longest river in the country is the Rivier Bleu.
Another long river is the Nera River.
Lac de Yaté
The largest lake in the country is Lac de Yaté with an area of 40 km².
Pleine de lacs
Another large lake is the Pleine de lacs.
New Caledonia borders the Pacific Ocean with a total coastline of 2,255 km -
to be more precise, New Caledonia lies in the South Pacific, the so-called South
Pacific. This region of the Pacific Ocean includes the Polynesian Islands as
well as parts of Melanesia and Micronesia.