Sweden Population and cities
Countryaah website, Sweden has over 10 million residents since 2017. It must be taken
into account that residents are not identical to citizens.
About 90.8% of the population are Swedes. The largest ethnic minority
are Finns with 2.5%, Yugoslavs and Bosnians with 1% and Iranians with around
But about 20,000 Germans and 15,000 Poles also live in the country. Amazingly,
the proportion of other Scandinavian countries is very low and should be well
Since 2000 there has been no state religion in Sweden any more. About
86% belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, 2% are Catholics and 12% are
either non-religious or belong to various other religions.
Around 400,000 Muslims live in the country, of which around 110,000 are
registered with the Muslim organizers.
Swedish (Sami and Finnish are minority languages). Many Swedes also
understand Danish and Norwegian well.
Capital, other cities
The capital and seat of government of Sweden is Stockholm, with a population
of around 868,140.
Other cities are:
- Gothenburg with around 496,000 residents
- Malmö with around 249,000 residents
- Uppsala with around 125,000 residents
- Linköping with around 95,000 residents
- Västerås with around 103,000 residents
- Örebro with around 96,000 residents
- Norrköping with around 83,000 residents
- Helsingborg with around 88,000 residents
- Lund with around 74,000 residents
- Umek with around 71,000 residents
- Jönköping with around 82,000 residents
- Karlskrona with around 60,000 residents
- Kristianstad with around 28,000 residents
Sweden: geography, map
Defined by DigoPaul, Sweden covers an area of around 449,964 km². It is divided into the three
large parts of the country: Norrland (northern Sweden), Svealand (central
Sweden) and Götaland (southern Sweden). Below these large subdivisions, the
country consists of a total of 25 so-called Landskap (landscapes), with which
the Swedes identify strongly. For example, the students are in landscape
connections. The landscapes have their own symbols, traditions, songs or
costumes. However, they are not political units as in Germany the federal states
or districts or cantons in Switzerland. The 25 landscapes from north to south:
National borders and length of coast
Sweden shares a border with a total of two countries. There are limits to:
- Finland with a length of around 590 km
- Norway with a length of around 1,620 km
- The country is connected to Denmark by an imposing bridge over the
Öresund from Malmö to Copenhagen, the Öresund Bridge, which opened on July
1, 2000 and is 7,845 m long.
Sweden has a sea coast with a length of around 3,200 km.
What does the land area consist of?
The area of Sweden of 449,964 km² consists of:
Around 62% of the country is forested, mainly coniferous forests.
- Meadow and pasture land
Only around 1% of the land is used as pasture land.
- Arable land and fields
Around 10% of the land is used as arable land or fields, especially for
growing grain, potatoes and oil crops.
Sweden has many swamps and bogs.
The Scandinavian Mountains (Skanden) run from the Norwegian Skagerrak coast
in the south to the North Cape. The Scandinavian mountains are around 1,700
km long and 320 km wide.
The northernmost place of Sweden is Treriksröset (something: Dreireichs
Grenzplatz). This is where Sweden, Norway and Finland border each other.
The southernmost place is Smygehuk in the province of Skåne.
In Sweden, the mean tidal range of the Baltic Sea is around 0.2 m.
For detailed explanations of ebb and flow, see Tides, Ebb and Flow.
The world's highest tidal range can be found in the Bay of Fundy in
Canada, where it is up to 16 m, and at spring tide even over 20 m. The Bay of
Fundy is located on the Atlantic between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick
and Nova Scotia, which is called Nova Scotia in German and whose capital is
On the German North Sea coast it varies between 1 m and 3 m. In the western
Baltic Sea, on the other hand, the tidal range is only 0.3 m, while it is barely
noticeable in the eastern Baltic Sea.
Longitude and latitude
Sweden extends over the following geographical latitude (abbreviation Δφ) and
geographical longitude (abbreviation Δλ):
|Δφ = from 55 ° 20 'to 69 ° 04' north latitude
Δλ = from 10 ° 58 'to 24 ° 10' east longitude
You can find detailed information on this subject under Longitude and
For Sweden, the following value applies to Central European Time (CET), i.e.
the time without summer time. A minus sign means that it is earlier there, a
plus sign that it is later than CET:
Sweden has the same time as Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Further and detailed explanations of the time can be found under Time zones,
Highest point of the sun in Stockholm
Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, lies at a north latitude of around φ = 59.5
° (59 ° 30 ').
As long as the sun is at the tropic, i.e. at δ = 23.5 °, summer starts in Sweden
on June 21st. Then, for the highest position of the sun at noon, according to
Eq. 1 (see position of the sun):
59.5 ° = (90 ° - h) + 23.5 °
This position of the sun is the highest that the senses in Stockholm can
occupy all year round.
The highest mountain in the country is the Kebnekaise, which is located
around 150 km north of the Arctic Circle and west of the ore city of Kiruna. It
has a height of 2,111 m.
Other higher mountains are:
- Pårtekajse with a height of 2,102 m
- Sarektjåkko with an altitude of 2,090 m
- Akavare with a height of 2,013 m as well
- Sulitjelma with a height of 1,914 m
The longest river in the country is the Göta älv with a length of
around 720 km.
Other rivers are:
Klarälven with a length (within Sweden) of 478 km
Dalälven with a length of 520 km
Ångermanälven with a length of 490 km.
The country includes around 100,000 smaller and larger lakes.
By far the largest lake in Sweden and the third largest in Europe
is Lake Vänern with an area of around 5,650 km². The lake is located in the
southwest of the country between the provinces of Dalsland, Värmland and
Västergötland. The greatest depth is 106 m. Its fresh water volume is 153 km³,
making it the largest drinking water reservoir in Europe. In the lake there are
a number of islands, the largest of which are:
Fågelö and Torsö together with 62 km² (north of Mariestad on the Göta Canal),
Kållandsö with 57 km² (near Lidköping in the south of the lake) and Hammarö with
47 km² (near Karlstad in North of the lake).
Lake Vättern (Vättern)
Lake Vättern covers an area of 1,912 km² - with a maximum depth of
around 120 m. It is located in the middle of southern Sweden, about 185 km
southwest of Stockholm. In the southern part of the lake is the island Visingsö,
which is a little less than 15 km long and covers an area of 25 km². The towns
of Jönköping, Huskvarna, Motala or Karlsborg with the fortress of the same name
are located on the lake
Lake Mälaren (Lake Mälaren)
With an area of 1,140 km², Lake Mälaren is the third largest lake in Sweden
after Lake Vänern and Lake Vättern. The lake is west of Stockholm
Other larger lakes are:
Hjälmarsee with an area of around 484 km²
Storsjön with an area of 456 km².
The following larger islands are offshore.
Gotland with the capital Visby is located in the Gulf of Bothnia approx. 85 km
from the Swedish mainland. With an area of 2,994 km² it is the largest Swedish
island. Around 57,000 people live on it. has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Öland covers an area of 1,348 km² and lies below Gotland in the Gulf of
Bothnia. The island stretches in north-south direction and is only about 5 km
from the mainland near Kalmar. The main town on the island is Borgholm. Around
21,000 people live on the island.
Orust is located on the west coast of the country around 50 km north of
Gothenburg and covers an area of 346 km². Around 15,000 people live on the
island. The island is connected to both the mainland and the island of Tjörn by
bridges. It is the largest island on the west coast of Hisingen, Sweden
Hisingen belongs to Gothenburg and covers an area of 199 km². Most of
the port of Gothenburg is located here. Hisingen becomes an island because it is
bounded in the east and south by the river Göta älv, in the north by the river
Nordre älv and in the west by the Kattegat.
Tjörn is located south of Orust, to which it is connected by a
bridge. The distance to Gothenburg is around 35 km as the crow flies. The island
covers an area of 167 km² - with around 15,000 residents.
Sailors will be interested to know that the regatta "Tjörn runt" (Rund Tjörn)
takes place here in the third week of August. Around 1,300 private boats take
part in this regatta. This 28 nm (nautical miles) long regatta is one of the
largest sailing regattas in the world.
Fårö is located in the north of Gotland, from which the island is separated at
its narrowest point by around 500 m and at its widest point by around 3 km. The
island covers an area of 113 km². The Swedish director Ingmar Bergman died on
the island on July 30, 2007 and was buried here.
Lakes in Sweden
With an area of 5,520 km², Vänern Lake is the largest lake in Sweden and also
the largest in the whole of the European Union (EU).
Lake Vättern Lake
Vättern is the second largest lake in Sweden with an area of around 1,885
km². It has a maximum depth of approx. 120 m. It is connected to Lake Vänern via
the Göta Canal. The town of Jönköping, with a population of 95,000, is located
at its southern tip. In the lake is the island of Visingö, which is around 25
km² in size.
The Mälaren-See covers an area of around 1,090 km², making it the third
largest lake in the country. It is located west of Stockholm. In addition to
Stockholm, there are also Södertälje, Västerås, Enköping and Köping, as well as
Gripsholm Castle in Mariefred and Drottningholm Castle on the lake. There are
around 17 larger islands in the lake.
The Hjälmaren covers an area of around 477 km²
The Störsjön Lake covers an area of around 456 km²
The 262 km² large Hornavan Lake is the deepest lake in Sweden with a macimal
depth of 228 m .
The 330 km² large Tormeträsk Lake is the second deepest lake in the country with
a maximum depth of 170 m
Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, North Sea
Sweden borders the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, which is part of the
Baltic Sea, as well as the Kattegat and Skagerrak. The Skagerrak belongs to the
North Sea and lies between the north coast of Jutland (Denmark) and the south
coast of Norway and the south-west coast of Sweden. In the south, the Skagerrak
borders on the Kattegat, which lies between the north-east coast of Jutland and
the south-west coast of Sweden. The Skagerrak connects the Great and Little Belt
and the Öresund via the Kattegat, the Baltic Sea with the North Sea.